Perceptions About Compliance with Law and Vulnerable Groups in Brazil
26 Pages Posted: 1 Jul 2019
Date Written: June 30, 2019
This paper investigates the degree of effectiveness of the rule of law in Brazil by analyzing how some vulnerable social groups, such as women and black people, deals with the compliance with law and with some authorities’ orders in Brazil. We created the Brazilian Confidence in Justice Index (BCJI) as a validate argument for our confidence measure and the "Brazil Perception of Compliance with Law Index" (BPCLI) that measure perceptions, attitudes and habits of Brazilians concerning compliance to law. We identified some reasons that could explain the perceptions of these specific social groups. We found that there is a positive and significant relationship between the Brazilian Confidence in Justice Index (BCJI) and Perception of Compliance with Law Index (BPCLI). This paper innovates when it shows some patterns regarding two vulnerable groups analyzed here: women and blacks believe that there are few reasons for a person like them obey the laws. In addition, we concluded that women have a higher level of BPCLI than men, which means, women comply with the law more than men; and blacks have a worst perception of the compliance with law comparing with whites, since they understand that Brazilian society seldom comply with law. We also found a positive relationship of BPCLI with variable age and income.
Keywords: Confidence in Justice, Compliance with Law, Institutions, Judiciary
JEL Classification: 213
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation