Ontop-Spatial: Ontop of Geospatial Databases
18 Pages Posted: 1 Jul 2019 First Look: Accepted
In this paper, we propose an OBDA approach for accessing geospatial data stored in relational databases using the R2RML mappings and OGC standard GeoSPARQL. On the theoretical side, we provide a formalization of GeoSPARQL in terms of SPARQL entailment regime. For a practical query answering algorithm, we introduce an extension to the existing SPARQL-to-SQL translation method to support GeoSPARQL features. Our approach has been implemented in the system Ontop-spatial, an extension of the OBDA system Ontop for creating virtual geospatial RDF graphs on top of geospatial relational databases. We present an experimental evaluation of our system using and extending a state-of-the-art benchmark. To measure the performance of our system, we compare it to two state-of-the-art geospatial RDF stores – a free and open-source one, and a commercial one – and confirm its efficiency.
Keywords: Spatial Data, GeoSPARQL, Ontology-Based Data Access, Ontop-Spatial
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