Re-Norming Sport for Inclusivity: How the Sport Community Has the Potential to Change a Toxic Culture of Harassment and Abuse
Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology, 2019, 13, 274–289.
Posted: 4 Jul 2019 Last revised: 8 Oct 2019
Date Written: July 2, 2019
Traditional sport norms and gender-based biases that are prevalent in the sport environment, both explicit and implicit, have contributed to a culture where sexual harassment and abuse is commonplace. This article examines how sport tolerates the development of this culture, and more importantly, how practices and policies can be utilized to transform sport’s culture to one that is inclusive and safe. Reform is needed in attitudes and norms towards gender bias and sexual violence that primarily, but not exclusively, targets girls and women in sport and is perpetrated by boys and men. The application of various theories from psychology is recommended as one strategy to rid sport of both a culture of misogyny and of those who resist change to achieve this objective.
Note: © 2019 Human Kinetics, Inc.
Keywords: masculinity, #MeToo, sexual abuse, sexual harassment, sport
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