University Admission in Russia: Do the Wealthier Benefit from Standardized Exams?

International Journal of Educational Development. 2019. No. 65. P. 98-105, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijedudev.2017.08.007

Posted: 3 Jul 2019 Last revised: 28 Aug 2019

See all articles by Ilya Prakhov

Ilya Prakhov

National Research University Higher School of Economics

Maria Yudkevich

National Research University Higher School of Economics

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: April 1, 2019

Abstract

This paper examines the impact of family income on the results of the newly introduced Unified State Examination (USE) in Russia. We argue that entrants from wealthy households have an advantage in terms of access to higher education, since income positively affects USE scores through a higher level of investment in pre-entry coaching. We have found positive and significant relationships between the level of income and USE results for high school graduates, given equal achievement before coaching. We demonstrate that in general, investment in pre-entry coaching has positive returns, but the most significant type of investment is pre-entry courses. However, such strategy improves USE results only for students from the most affluent households.

Keywords: Student achievement, Standardized entry exams, Equity in higher education, University choice

JEL Classification: I21, I24, I28

Suggested Citation

Prakhov, Ilya and Yudkevich, Maria, University Admission in Russia: Do the Wealthier Benefit from Standardized Exams? (April 1, 2019). International Journal of Educational Development. 2019. No. 65. P. 98-105, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijedudev.2017.08.007. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3414191

Ilya Prakhov (Contact Author)

National Research University Higher School of Economics ( email )

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

HOME PAGE: http://www.hse.ru/org/persons/266431

Maria Yudkevich

National Research University Higher School of Economics ( email )

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

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