A Decade of Fair Balance Doctrine, and How to Fix It: Copyright Versus Fundamental Rights Before the CJEU from Promusicae to Funke Medien, Pelham and Spiegel Online

European Intellectual Property Review (n.11/2019)

19 Pages Posted: 9 Jul 2019 Last revised: 29 Aug 2019

See all articles by Caterina Sganga

Caterina Sganga

Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna di Pisa

Date Written: August 1, 2019

Abstract

From Promusicae to date, the fair balance test has evolved into an articulated, sector-specific doctrine, but loopholes have still affected its reliability and consistency over time. This article sketches the evolution of the fair balance case law, draws a conceptual map schematizing the key elements of the doctrine, identifies its gaps, and illustrates how the CJEU can fix them, commenting on this basis on the recent AG Opinions and final decisions in Funke Medien, Pelham and Spiegel Online.

Keywords: EU Copyright, Fair Balance, Proportionality, Article 17 CFREU, Fundamental Rights, Horizontal Effects, Essence

JEL Classification: K11, O34

Suggested Citation

Sganga, Caterina, A Decade of Fair Balance Doctrine, and How to Fix It: Copyright Versus Fundamental Rights Before the CJEU from Promusicae to Funke Medien, Pelham and Spiegel Online (August 1, 2019). European Intellectual Property Review (n.11/2019), Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3414642

Caterina Sganga (Contact Author)

Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna di Pisa ( email )

Piazza Martiri della Libertà 33
Pisa, 56127
Italy

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