The End of Deportation

75 Pages Posted: 9 Jul 2019

See all articles by Angélica Cházaro

Angélica Cházaro

University of Washington School of Law

Date Written: April 5, 2019


This Article introduces to legal scholarship a new horizon for pro-immigrant scholarship and advocacy: deportation abolition. The ever-present threat of deportation shapes the daily lives of noncitizens. Instead of aiming for a pathway to citizenship, most noncitizens must now contend with dodging the many pathways to banishment. The Trump administration’s 2017 pronouncement that no group will be exempt from immigration enforcement only heightened this reality. The administration’s numerous anti-immigrant actions, from the travel ban for people from Muslim-majority countries, to the separation of migrant parents and children at the US-Mexico Border, to the raids on immigrant communities carried out by newly-emboldened immigration enforcement officers have reinforced immigrant deportability. Despite growing threats to immigrant survival, pro-immigrant scholarship and advocacy that aims to reduce migrant suffering assumes deportation as inevitable. The focus remains on improving individual outcomes by aligning the process of deportation with due process and the rule of law. But considered from the point of view of those facing deportation, even a “fairly” adjudicated deportation proves devastating. Moreover, none of the improvements in deportation’s management can eliminate the racialized violence that defines the practice. While post-entry social control and extended border control purportedly justify deportation, the stated goals of deportation law obfuscate its true character as an indefensible act of violence. The underlying assumption that deportation can and should continue indefinitely currently demarcates the outer limits of the arguments for addressing deportation - limits a commitment to deportation abolition would abandon. In an effort to denaturalize the common sense of deportation, this Article explores the fundamental failures that characterize the practice. By questioning commonly held assumptions about its inevitability, critiquing reform proposals that reify its logic, and providing examples of interventions that point towards the possibility of its demise, this Article opens the door to the end of deportation.

Keywords: Immigration, Removal, Deportation, Abolition, Immigration Reform

Suggested Citation

Cházaro, Angélica, The End of Deportation (April 5, 2019). UCLA Law Review, Forthcoming, Available at SSRN:

Angélica Cházaro (Contact Author)

University of Washington School of Law ( email )

William H. Gates Hall
Box 353020
Seattle, WA 98105-3020
United States
(206) 543-8754 (Phone)

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