The International Wrongfulness of Unlawful Consensual Interventions

79 Zeitschrift für ausländisches öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht (forthcoming, 2019)

3 Pages Posted: 16 Jul 2019

See all articles by Eliav Lieblich

Eliav Lieblich

Tel Aviv University - Buchmann Faculty of Law

Date Written: July 9, 2019

Abstract

Recent years have witnessed an upsurge in the literature on the lawfulness, under international law, of forcible interventions in states upon governmental consent. The contemporary discussion mirrors, to an extent, the classic debate between those that view such interventions - at least when a certain level of conflict is reached - as strictly prohibited, and those that presume that in general, governments possess the power to invite external intervention, subject to certain limitations.

This brief contribution addresses a question which is frequently glossed over in the discussion: on either approach, what do we mean when we say that in a certain situation, an intervention is unlawful? Or, in other words, which international norm is violated when a consensual intervention is wrongful? As a point of departure, this contribution urges to distinguish between situations in which consent is void ab initio,and situations where the consent itself is valid, but the actions committed pursuant to it are unlawful. This is crucial since if consent lacks any legal effect, it could be said that the intervention violates the prohibition on the use of force. The contribution then offers a brief typology of circumstances that fall under these categories.

Keywords: use of force, international humanitarian law, law of armed conflict, jus ad bellum, aggression, international human rights law, state responsibility

Suggested Citation

Lieblich, Eliav, The International Wrongfulness of Unlawful Consensual Interventions (July 9, 2019). 79 Zeitschrift für ausländisches öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht (forthcoming, 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3417204

Eliav Lieblich (Contact Author)

Tel Aviv University - Buchmann Faculty of Law ( email )

Ramat Aviv
Tel Aviv, IL
Israel

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