Optimal Fiscal Spending and Reserve Accumulation Policies Under Volatile Aid

46 Pages Posted: 10 Jul 2019

See all articles by Ioana Moldovan

Ioana Moldovan

University of Glasgow

Shu-Chun Susan Yang

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Luis-Felipe Zanna

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Date Written: June 2019

Abstract

This paper assesses the optimal setting of fiscal spending and foreign exchange rate intervention policies in response to volatile foreign aid, in a small open economy model that incorporates typical features of low-income countries. Within a class of policy rules, it jointly considers the optimal aid spending and international reserve accumulation policies. The results show that it is optimal to adjust government spending gradually in response to unpredictable fluctuations in aid, while partially accumulating foreign exchange reserves to offset Dutch disease effects. Also, allocating relatively more of the government spending to productive public investment, and less to government consumption, is welfare improving.

Keywords: Absorptive capacity, Private consumption, Real interest rates, Government consumption, Public goods, aid, fiscal policy, foreign exchange intervention, optimal policy, low-income countries., non-traded, public investment, aid inflow, welfare gain, type of household

JEL Classification: F35, E62, F31, O41, O55, E01, G21, H83, L31, F16

Suggested Citation

Moldovan, Ioana and Yang, Shu-Chun Susan and Zanna, Luis-Felipe, Optimal Fiscal Spending and Reserve Accumulation Policies Under Volatile Aid (June 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3417720 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3417720

Ioana Moldovan (Contact Author)

University of Glasgow ( email )

Adam Smith Business School
Glasgow, Scotland G12 8LE
United Kingdom

Shu-Chun Susan Yang

International Monetary Fund (IMF) ( email )

700 19th Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20431
United States

Luis-Felipe Zanna

International Monetary Fund (IMF) ( email )

700 19th Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20431
United States

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