Children's Concealment of a Minor Transgression: The Role of Age, Maltreatment, and Executive Functioning
Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 191, 104664
43 Pages Posted: 11 Jul 2019 Last revised: 5 Dec 2019
Date Written: December 3, 2019
This study examined the role of age, maltreatment status, and executive functioning (EF) on 752 4- to 9-year-old maltreated and non-maltreated children’s recall disclosure of a transgression in which they appeared to have broken toys while playing with a stranger. Interviewers used narrative practice rapport-building and then questioned children with free recall and cued recall questions. Younger and maltreated children were more likely to disclose during rapport-building, whereas older and non-maltreated children were more likely to disclose in response to recall questions. Working memory deficits appeared to mediate the relation between children’s characteristics and disclosure during rapport, but not during recall. The results demonstrate that how children are questioned affects the relations between deception and age, maltreatment, and executive functioning.
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