Mechanisms of PrO x Performance Enhancement of Oxygen Electrodes for Low Temperature Solid Oxide Cells
42 Pages Posted: 15 Jul 2019 Sneak Peek Status: Review CompleteMore...
Recent developments in solid oxide cells focus on decreasing operating temperatures below 600 °C for improved cost and electrochemical stability in order to improve viability for commercialization. In this work, we improve the performance and stability of La0.6Sr0.40.2Fe0.8O3-δ (LSCF) and a recently developed electrode material, SrTi0.3Fe0.55Co0.15O3-δ (STFC), with addition of PrOx nanoparticles. Single-step PrOx infiltration improves performance of both LSCF and STFC across all tested temperatures (450 to 650 °C) with the most significant enhancements at lower temperatures. STFC modified with PrOx yields the best overall performance and stability, with the initial polarization resistance of 0.20 Ω·cm2 at 550 °C increasing over ~ 800 hours before stabilizing at 0.27 Ω·cm2. This represents a factor of ~ 10 resistance decrease compared to the LSCF electrode at 550 °C. A distribution of relaxation timesanalysis sheds light on the electrochemical mechanisms impacted by PrOx.
Keywords: Solid Oxide Cells, LSCF, STFC, Praseodymium Oxide, Infiltration, Fuel Cells
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