The 2018 Seegers Lecture: Emoluments and President Trump

52 Pages Posted: 15 Jul 2019

See all articles by John Mikhail

John Mikhail

Georgetown University Law Center

Date Written: July 12, 2019


The topic for my 2018 Seegers Lecture at Valparaiso University Law School was the original meaning of “emolument” and its implications for President Trump. In this expanded version of my spoken remarks, I begin by discussing the Constitution’s Emoluments Clauses and describing the three emoluments lawsuits against the president that are currently winding their way through the federal courts. I then highlight one of the main points of contention in these lawsuits, which is the constitutional meaning of the term “emolument.” Next, I describe the efforts my colleagues and I have made to investigate the historical meaning of this term and explain how our research may impact the resolution of these lawsuits. Finally, I discuss the landmark decision issued by a federal district court in July 2018, which held for the first time that “emolument” was a flexible term at the founding that referred to “any ‘profit,’ ‘gain,’ or ‘advantage,’” including profits from ordinary market transactions. A second federal judge recently denied the president’s motion to dismiss on the same grounds, setting the stage for what seems likely to be a pivotal issue on appeal.

Suggested Citation

Mikhail, John, The 2018 Seegers Lecture: Emoluments and President Trump (July 12, 2019). Valparaiso University Law Review, Forthcoming. Available at SSRN:

John Mikhail (Contact Author)

Georgetown University Law Center ( email )

600 New Jersey Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20001
United States
202-662-9392 (Phone)
202-662-9409 (Fax)

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