Real Time Rainfall Monitoring and Flood Control System Using Wireless Sensor Network
5 Pages Posted: 15 Jul 2019 Last revised: 30 Sep 2019
Date Written: May 18, 2019
Heavy rainfall and floods are natural disasters occurring in unexpected magnitudes and frequencies can cause loss of lives, livelihoods and infrastructure in various parts of world. Early warning is important for saving lives and property and for providing information to facilitate evacuation from floodplains in particular. By giving sufficient advance notice in a clear and informative manner, the damage from disasters can be mitigated considerably. The role of the Rainfall Monitoring and Flood Control System (RMFC) based on WSN is to continuously monitor, detect and report the environment’s status to a control unit using relative moisture, temperature, water level and amount of rain as flood indicators, whose values are gathered by sensors in the area of field. The Rainfall Monitoring and Flood Control System monitors the development of flood and send alert messages to the occupant of such zones for necessary action. The system automatically links public data to keep up-to-date disaster information content. The purpose of flood control system is to use modern technologies and give recommendation about impending flooding so that people can act to minimize the flood’s negative impacts. It covers predicting rainfall levels and the likely impacts of a flood, designing and disseminating warning messages, means of reviewing the system’s effectiveness following an event. It can be used by local government authorities before, during and after emergencies. It is intended to help decision-makers to establish an effective overview of the situation and find answers to their questions quickly reducing the loss of lives by facilitating timely evacuation.
Keywords: Rainfall, Wireless Sensor Network, Monitoring System, Flood Damage, IoT (Internet of Things)
JEL Classification: Y60
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation