State Capacity and Demand for Identity: Evidence from Political Instability in Mali

43 Pages Posted: 15 Jul 2019

See all articles by Maxim Ananyev

Maxim Ananyev

University of Melbourne - Melbourne Institute: Applied Economic & Social Research

Michael Poyker

Columbia University - Columbia Business School

Date Written: June 1, 2019

Abstract

We demonstrate that civil conflict erodes self-identification with a nation-state even among non-rebellious ethnic groups in non-conflict areas. We perform a difference-in-difference estimation using Afrobarometer data. Using the onset of Tuareg-led insurgency in Mali caused by the demise of the Libyan leader Muammar al-Gaddafi as an exogenous shock to state capacity, we find that residents living closer to the border with the conflict zone experienced a larger decrease in national identification. The effect was greater on people who were more exposed to local media. We hypothesize about the mechanism and show that civil conflict erodes national identity through the peoples’ perception of a state weakness.

Keywords: Conflict, National Identity, Media, Trust

JEL Classification: D74, H56, N47, O55, Z10

Suggested Citation

Ananyev, Maxim and Poyker, Mikhail, State Capacity and Demand for Identity: Evidence from Political Instability in Mali (June 1, 2019). Institute for New Economic Thinking Working Paper Series No. 97, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3419294 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3419294

Maxim Ananyev

University of Melbourne - Melbourne Institute: Applied Economic & Social Research ( email )

Level 5, FBE Building, 111 Barry Street
Parkville, Victoria 3010
Australia

Mikhail Poyker (Contact Author)

Columbia University - Columbia Business School ( email )

3022 Broadway
New York, NY 10027
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.poykerm.com

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Downloads
1
Abstract Views
208
PlumX Metrics