Access to Law or Access to Lawyers? Master's Programs in the Public Educational Mission of Law Schools

62 Pages Posted: 17 Jul 2019 Last revised: 20 Nov 2019

See all articles by Mark Edwin Burge

Mark Edwin Burge

Texas A&M University School of Law

Date Written: July 15, 2019


The general decline in juris doctor (“J.D.”) law school applicants and enrollment over the last decade has coincided with the rise of a new breed of law degree. Whether known as a master of jurisprudence, juris master, master of legal studies, or other names, these graduate degrees all have a target audience in common: adult professionals who neither are nor seek to become practicing attorneys. Inside legal academia and among the practicing bar, these degrees have been accompanied by expressed concerns that they detract from the traditional core public mission of law schools—educating lawyers. This Article argues that non-lawyer master’s programs are not a distraction from the public mission of law schools, nor are they a necessary evil foisted upon legal education by economic trends. Rather, such degrees reflect a paradigm shift that law schools and attorneys should embrace rather than resist: a move away from law being largely accessed primarily through a licensed elite and toward a greater role for autonomy in public engagement with the legal system. The law school function of serving the public goes well beyond training future lawyers or even marshalling them in the advance of access to justice. The expanded legal education vision advocated here includes those functions, but as part of a more encompassing mission. Law schools should aim to ensure access to law rather than simply access to lawyers. This Article then sets forth foundational frameworks for such programs to succeed at their goals, both at the programmatic level and at the course-design level.

Keywords: legal education, law schools, graduate programs, M.Jur., J.M., M.L.S., M.S.L., program outcomes, learning outcomes, public service, professionals, business, compliance, risk management, private law, contracts, public law, unauthorized practice of law, non-lawyers, financial crisis, legal writing

Suggested Citation

Burge, Mark Edwin, Access to Law or Access to Lawyers? Master's Programs in the Public Educational Mission of Law Schools (July 15, 2019). 74 University of Miami Law Review 143 (2019), Texas A&M University School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 19-25, Available at SSRN:

Mark Edwin Burge (Contact Author)

Texas A&M University School of Law ( email )

1515 Commerce Street
Fort Worth, TX Tarrant County 76102
United States
8172124000 (Phone)


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