Who Bears the Brunt? The Impact of Banking Crises on Younger and Older Workers
CentER Discussion Paper Series No. 2019-025
33 Pages Posted: 17 Jul 2019
Date Written: July 17, 2019
How do young and old workers fare on the labor market when a banking crisis occurs? Using data on 41 banking crises in 38 developed countries over 1990-2014, we examine how banking crises affect the labor market position of workers from five different age groups (including 65 years and older) and whether employment protection legislation shields workers from unemployment. Results show that unemployment increases across the board in the aftermath of banking crises, but much more so for younger workers. The labor force participation of older women increases significantly in the medium run, whereas older men withdraw from the labor market. Countries with strong employment protection legislation shield workers from the impact of banking crises in the short run, but show signs of increases in unemployment rates for young and middle-aged workers in the medium run.
Keywords: banking crisis, unemployment, employment protection, age, older workers, labor force
JEL Classification: G0, J01, J08, J14
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation