Declaração sobre a proteção através de patentes - Soberania regulatória sob o acordo TRIPS (Declaration on Patent Protection - Regulatory Sovereignty under TRIPS)

20 Pages Posted: 24 Jul 2019

See all articles by Reto Hilty

Reto Hilty

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition; University of Zurich; Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU)

Matthias Lamping

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition

Dan L. Burk

University of California, Irvine School of Law

Carlos M. Correa

University of Buenos Aires (UBA) - Faculty of Social Sciences

Peter Drahos

Australian National University (ANU); European University Institute - Department of Law (LAW)

N.S. Gopalakrishnan

Cochin University of Science and Technology (CUSAT)

Henning Grosse Ruse-Khan

University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law; Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition

Annette Kur

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition

Geertrui Van Overwalle

KU Leuven - Centre for IT & IP Law (CiTiP)

Jerome H. Reichman

Duke University School of Law

Hanns Ullrich

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition

Date Written: April 15, 2014

Abstract

The English version of this paper can be found at http://ssrn.com/abstract=2500784

La versión española de este artículo se puede encontrar en: http://ssrn.com/abstract=3422000

可以發現,中國版本的這篇文章:http://ssrn.com/abstract=3422012

この論文の日本語版は、http://ssrn.com/abstract=3422018

Portuguese Abstract: Como estrutura regulatória para mercados de inovação, o sistema de patentes deve ser adapta-do de acordo com o processo de inovação, ao qual ele se supõe servir, e ao ambiente conco-rrencial, no qual ele deve operar. A fim de assegurar uma funcionalidade eficiente do sistema de patentes como uma ferramenta da política de inovação, os direitos de patentes devem ser definidos, justificados e continuamente reconsiderados com relação aos seus custos e benefí-cios socioeconômicos.

Os estados soberanos devem manter um poder discricionário na adoção do sistema de patentes que melhor se adeque às suas capacidades tecnológicas, bem como às suas necessidades e prioridades sociais, culturais e econômicas, desde que o exercício de tal poder discricionário permaneça dentro das fronteiras do direito internacional. Levando em consideração os princí-pios usuais de interpretação do direito internacional, esta Declaração tem por propósito o es-clarecimento de que limites são esses. O propósito é esclarecer o espaço político que o “Acor-do sobre Aspectos dos Direitos de Propriedade Intelectual Relacionados ao Comércio” (Acor-do TRIPS) deixa para o legislador e para as autoridades judiciais nacionais com relação à im-plementação e administração de seus sistemas de patente.

English Abstract: As a framework regulation for innovation markets, the patent system needs to be tailored to the innovation process, which it is supposed to serve, and to the competitive environment, within which it must operate. In order to ensure an efficient functionality of the patent system as an innovation policy tool, patent rights ought to be defined, justified and continually reconsidered by reference to their socio-economic benefits and costs.

Sovereign states should retain the discretion to adopt a patent system that best suits their technological capabilities as well as their social, cultural and economic needs and priorities, with the proviso that the exercise of such discretion must remain within the boundaries of international law. Taking into account the customary principles of interpretation of international law, this Declaration seeks to shed light on these boundaries. The purpose is to clarify the policy space that the ‘Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights’ (TRIPS Agreement) leaves to national legislators and judicial authorities with regard to the implementation and administration of their patent systems.

Note: Downloadable document is in Portuguese.

Suggested Citation

Hilty, Reto and Lamping, Matthias and Burk, Dan L. and Correa, Carlos M. and Drahos, Peter and Gopalakrishnan, N.S. and Grosse Ruse-Khan, Henning and Kur, Annette and Van Overwalle, Geertrui and Reichman, Jerome H. and Ullrich, Hanns, Declaração sobre a proteção através de patentes - Soberania regulatória sob o acordo TRIPS (Declaration on Patent Protection - Regulatory Sovereignty under TRIPS) (April 15, 2014). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3422007 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3422007

Reto Hilty

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition ( email )

Marstallplatz 1
Munich, Bayern 80539
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.ip.mpg.de

University of Zurich

Rämistrasse 74/7
Zürich, CH-8001
Switzerland

Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU)

Munich, 80539
Germany

Matthias Lamping (Contact Author)

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition ( email )

Marstallplatz 1
Munich, Bayern 80539
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.ip.mpg.de

Dan L. Burk

University of California, Irvine School of Law ( email )

4500 Berkeley Place
Irvine, CA 92697-1000
United States
949-824-9325 (Phone)

Carlos M. Correa

University of Buenos Aires (UBA) - Faculty of Social Sciences ( email )

Marcelo T. de Alvear Marcelo T. de Alvear 2230
Buenos Aires, C1122AAJ
Argentina

Peter Drahos

Australian National University (ANU)

Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 2601
Australia

European University Institute - Department of Law (LAW) ( email )

Via Bolognese 156 (Villa Salviati)
50-139 Firenze
Italy

N.S. Gopalakrishnan

Cochin University of Science and Technology (CUSAT) ( email )

Cochin, Kerala 682 022
India

Henning Grosse Ruse-Khan

University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law ( email )

10 West Road
Cambridge, CB3 9DZ
United Kingdom

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition ( email )

Marstallplatz 1
Munich, Bayern 80539
Germany

Annette Kur

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition ( email )

Marstallplatz 1
Munich, Bayern 80539
Germany

Geertrui Van Overwalle

KU Leuven - Centre for IT & IP Law (CiTiP) ( email )

Sint-Michielsstraat 6 box 3443
Leuven, 3000
Belgium

HOME PAGE: https://www.law.kuleuven.be/citip/en/staff/00015469

Jerome H. Reichman

Duke University School of Law ( email )

210 Science Drive
Box 90362
Durham, NC 27708
United States

Hanns Ullrich

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition ( email )

Marstallplatz 1
Munich, Bayern 80539
Germany

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