专利保护宣言 —— TRIPS 协议下的规制主权 (Declaration on Patent Protection - Regulatory Sovereignty under TRIPS)
18 Pages Posted: 24 Jul 2019
Date Written: April 15, 2014
The English version of this paper can be found at http://ssrn.com/abstract=2500784
La versión española de este artículo se puede encontrar en: http://ssrn.com/abstract=3422000
A versão em português deste artigo pode ser encontrada em: http://ssrn.com/abstract=3422007
竞争环境相适应。为了确保专利制度作为一项发明政策工具能够发挥 其 有效的功能，专利权
配 的 专利制度的自由 裁量权，但是这种自由裁量权应当在国际法范围内运用。考虑到国际法
解释中 的 一般原则，本宣言试图使这些边界更加清晰。其目的在于明 确 TRIPS 协 议给成员
国立法与司法机关 进行 实施与执行其专利制度所 应 预留的政策空间。
As a framework regulation for innovation markets, the patent system needs to be tailored to the innovation process, which it is supposed to serve, and to the competitive environment, within which it must operate. In order to ensure an efficient functionality of the patent system as an innovation policy tool, patent rights ought to be defined, justified and continually reconsidered by reference to their socio-economic benefits and costs.
Sovereign states should retain the discretion to adopt a patent system that best suits their technological capabilities as well as their social, cultural and economic needs and priorities, with the proviso that the exercise of such discretion must remain within the boundaries of international law. Taking into account the customary principles of interpretation of international law, this Declaration seeks to shed light on these boundaries. The purpose is to clarify the policy space that the ‘Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights’ (TRIPS Agreement) leaves to national legislators and judicial authorities with regard to the implementation and administration of their patent systems.
Note: Downloadable document is in Chinese.
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