专利保护宣言 —— TRIPS 协议下的规制主权 (Declaration on Patent Protection - Regulatory Sovereignty under TRIPS)

18 Pages Posted: 24 Jul 2019

See all articles by Reto Hilty

Reto Hilty

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition; University of Zurich; Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU)

Matthias Lamping

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition

Dan L. Burk

University of California, Irvine School of Law

Carlos M. Correa

University of Buenos Aires (UBA) - Faculty of Social Sciences

Peter Drahos

Australian National University (ANU); European University Institute - Department of Law (LAW)

N.S. Gopalakrishnan

Cochin University of Science and Technology (CUSAT)

Henning Grosse Ruse-Khan

University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law; Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition

Annette Kur

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition

Geertrui Van Overwalle

KU Leuven - Centre for IT & IP Law (CiTiP)

Jerome H. Reichman

Duke University School of Law

Hanns Ullrich

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition

Date Written: April 15, 2014

Abstract

The English version of this paper can be found at http://ssrn.com/abstract=2500784

La versión española de este artículo se puede encontrar en: http://ssrn.com/abstract=3422000

A versão em português deste artigo pode ser encontrada em: http://ssrn.com/abstract=3422007

この論文の日本語版は、http://ssrn.com/abstract=3422018

Chinese Abstract:
作为创新市场的框架性规章,专利制度应当与其为之服务的创新进程以及其赖以运行的
竞争环境相适应。为了确保专利制度作为一项发明政策工具能够发挥 其 有效的功能,专利权
应该在参考社会经济成本与收益的前提下,加以界定、证成以及不断反思。

主权国家应该保持制定与本国技术能力以及社会、文化和经济需求和优先发展方向相匹
配 的 专利制度的自由 裁量权,但是这种自由裁量权应当在国际法范围内运用。考虑到国际法
解释中 的 一般原则,本宣言试图使这些边界更加清晰。其目的在于明 确 TRIPS 协 议给成员
国立法与司法机关 进行 实施与执行其专利制度所 应 预留的政策空间。

English Abstract:
As a framework regulation for innovation markets, the patent system needs to be tailored to the innovation process, which it is supposed to serve, and to the competitive environment, within which it must operate. In order to ensure an efficient functionality of the patent system as an innovation policy tool, patent rights ought to be defined, justified and continually reconsidered by reference to their socio-economic benefits and costs.

Sovereign states should retain the discretion to adopt a patent system that best suits their technological capabilities as well as their social, cultural and economic needs and priorities, with the proviso that the exercise of such discretion must remain within the boundaries of international law. Taking into account the customary principles of interpretation of international law, this Declaration seeks to shed light on these boundaries. The purpose is to clarify the policy space that the ‘Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights’ (TRIPS Agreement) leaves to national legislators and judicial authorities with regard to the implementation and administration of their patent systems.

Note: Downloadable document is in Chinese.

Suggested Citation

Hilty, Reto and Lamping, Matthias and Burk, Dan L. and Correa, Carlos M. and Drahos, Peter and Gopalakrishnan, N.S. and Grosse Ruse-Khan, Henning and Kur, Annette and Van Overwalle, Geertrui and Reichman, Jerome H. and Ullrich, Hanns, 专利保护宣言 —— TRIPS 协议下的规制主权 (Declaration on Patent Protection - Regulatory Sovereignty under TRIPS) (April 15, 2014). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3422012 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3422012

Reto Hilty

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition ( email )

Marstallplatz 1
Munich, Bayern 80539
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.ip.mpg.de

University of Zurich

Rämistrasse 74/7
Zürich, CH-8001
Switzerland

Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU)

Munich, 80539
Germany

Matthias Lamping (Contact Author)

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition ( email )

Marstallplatz 1
Munich, Bayern 80539
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.ip.mpg.de

Dan L. Burk

University of California, Irvine School of Law ( email )

4500 Berkeley Place
Irvine, CA 92697-1000
United States
949-824-9325 (Phone)

Carlos M. Correa

University of Buenos Aires (UBA) - Faculty of Social Sciences ( email )

Marcelo T. de Alvear Marcelo T. de Alvear 2230
Buenos Aires, C1122AAJ
Argentina

Peter Drahos

Australian National University (ANU)

Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 2601
Australia

European University Institute - Department of Law (LAW) ( email )

Via Bolognese 156 (Villa Salviati)
50-139 Firenze
Italy

N.S. Gopalakrishnan

Cochin University of Science and Technology (CUSAT) ( email )

Cochin, Kerala 682 022
India

Henning Grosse Ruse-Khan

University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law ( email )

10 West Road
Cambridge, CB3 9DZ
United Kingdom

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition ( email )

Marstallplatz 1
Munich, Bayern 80539
Germany

Annette Kur

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition ( email )

Marstallplatz 1
Munich, Bayern 80539
Germany

Geertrui Van Overwalle

KU Leuven - Centre for IT & IP Law (CiTiP) ( email )

Sint-Michielsstraat 6 box 3443
Leuven, 3000
Belgium

HOME PAGE: https://www.law.kuleuven.be/citip/en/staff/00015469

Jerome H. Reichman

Duke University School of Law ( email )

210 Science Drive
Box 90362
Durham, NC 27708
United States

Hanns Ullrich

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition ( email )

Marstallplatz 1
Munich, Bayern 80539
Germany

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