Gender Gaps in the Evaluation of Research: Evidence from Submissions to Economics Conferences (Updated March 2020)
39 Pages Posted: 18 Jul 2019 Last revised: 4 Mar 2020
Date Written: March 3, 2020
We study gender differences in the evaluation of submissions to economics conferences. Using data from the Annual Congress of the European Economic Association (2015-2017), the Annual Meeting of the Spanish Economic Association (2012-2017), and the Spring Meeting of Young Economists (2017), we find that all-female-authored papers are 3.3 p.p. (6.8%) less likely to be accepted than all-male-authored papers. This gap is present after controlling for number of authors of the paper; referee fixed effects; field; cites of the paper; authors’ previous publication record, affiliations, and experience; and connections between the authors of a given paper and the referees that evaluate it. We provide evidence suggesting that the gap is driven by stereotypes against female authors: it is entirely driven by male referees, only exists for lesser-known authors, and seems larger in more masculine fields, especially in finance.
Keywords: gender, economics profession, academic labor market
JEL Classification: A1, J16
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation