特許保護に関する宣言 ― 法制度設計に関する各国の主権とTRIPS協定 (Declaration on Patent Protection - Regulatory Sovereignty under TRIPS)

23 Pages Posted: 24 Jul 2019

See all articles by Reto Hilty

Reto Hilty

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition; University of Zurich; Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU)

Matthias Lamping

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition

Dan L. Burk

University of California, Irvine School of Law

Carlos M. Correa

University of Buenos Aires (UBA) - Faculty of Social Sciences

Peter Drahos

Australian National University (ANU)

N.S. Gopalakrishnan

Cochin University of Science and Technology (CUSAT)

Henning Grosse Ruse-Khan

University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law; Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition

Annette Kur

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition

Geertrui Van Overwalle

KU Leuven - Centre for IT & IP Law (CiTiP)

Jerome H. Reichman

Duke University School of Law

Hanns Ullrich

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition

Date Written: July 18, 2019

Abstract

The English version of this paper can be found at http://ssrn.com/abstract=2500784

La versión española de este artículo se puede encontrar en: http://ssrn.com/abstract=3422000

A versão em português deste artigo pode ser encontrada em: http://ssrn.com/abstract=3422007

可以發現,中國版本的這篇文章:http://ssrn.com/abstract=3422012

Japanese Abstract: 特許制度は、イノベーション市場の枠組みを規制するものとして、特許制度が寄与すべきイノベーションのプロセスと、特許制度が運用されるべき競争環境に応じて調整される必要がある。イノベーション政策のツールとして特許制度を効率的に機能させるためには、社会経済的便益とコストを参照することにより、特許権は、定義され、正当化され、絶えず再検討されなければならない。

主権国家は、自国の技術的能力並びに社会的、文化的、経済的なニーズ及び優先順位に最適な特許制度を採用する裁量を、その行使が国際法で認められる範囲であることを条件に、有するべきである。本宣言は、国際法の解釈に関する慣習上の原則を考慮しつつ、その許容範囲を明らかにしようとするものである。その目的は、「知的所有権の貿易関連の側面に関する協定」(TRIPS協定)が、自国の特許制度の実施と運用に関してその国の立法府や司法当局に認めている政策上の余地(ポリシー・スペース)を明らかにすることにある。

English Abstract: As a framework regulation for innovation markets, the patent system needs to be tailored to the innovation process, which it is supposed to serve, and to the competitive environment, within which it must operate. In order to ensure an efficient functionality of the patent system as an innovation policy tool, patent rights ought to be defined, justified and continually reconsidered by reference to their socio-economic benefits and costs.

Sovereign states should retain the discretion to adopt a patent system that best suits their technological capabilities as well as their social, cultural and economic needs and priorities, with the proviso that the exercise of such discretion must remain within the boundaries of international law. Taking into account the customary principles of interpretation of international law, this Declaration seeks to shed light on these boundaries. The purpose is to clarify the policy space that the ‘Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights’ (TRIPS Agreement) leaves to national legislators and judicial authorities with regard to the implementation and administration of their patent systems.

Note: Downloadable document is in Japanese.

Suggested Citation

Hilty, Reto and Lamping, Matthias and Burk, Dan L. and Correa, Carlos M. and Drahos, Peter and Gopalakrishnan, N.S. and Grosse Ruse-Khan, Henning and Kur, Annette and Van Overwalle, Geertrui and Reichman, Jerome H. and Ullrich, Hanns, 特許保護に関する宣言 ― 法制度設計に関する各国の主権とTRIPS協定 (Declaration on Patent Protection - Regulatory Sovereignty under TRIPS) (July 18, 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3422018 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3422018

Reto Hilty

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition ( email )

Marstallplatz 1
Munich, Bayern 80539
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.ip.mpg.de

University of Zurich

Rämistrasse 74/7
Zürich, CH-8001
Switzerland

Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU)

Munich, 80539
Germany

Matthias Lamping (Contact Author)

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition ( email )

Marstallplatz 1
Munich, Bayern 80539
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.ip.mpg.de

Dan L. Burk

University of California, Irvine School of Law ( email )

4500 Berkeley Place
Irvine, CA 92697-1000
United States
949-824-9325 (Phone)

Carlos M. Correa

University of Buenos Aires (UBA) - Faculty of Social Sciences ( email )

Marcelo T. de Alvear Marcelo T. de Alvear 2230
Buenos Aires, C1122AAJ
Argentina

Peter Drahos

Australian National University (ANU)

Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 2601
Australia

N.S. Gopalakrishnan

Cochin University of Science and Technology (CUSAT) ( email )

Cochin, Kerala 682 022
India

Henning Grosse Ruse-Khan

University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law ( email )

10 West Road
Cambridge, CB3 9DZ
United Kingdom

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition ( email )

Marstallplatz 1
Munich, Bayern 80539
Germany

Annette Kur

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition ( email )

Marstallplatz 1
Munich, Bayern 80539
Germany

Geertrui Van Overwalle

KU Leuven - Centre for IT & IP Law (CiTiP) ( email )

Sint-Michielsstraat 6 box 3443
Leuven, 3000
Belgium

HOME PAGE: https://www.law.kuleuven.be/citip/en/staff/00015469

Jerome H. Reichman

Duke University School of Law ( email )

210 Science Drive
Box 90362
Durham, NC 27708
United States

Hanns Ullrich

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition ( email )

Marstallplatz 1
Munich, Bayern 80539
Germany

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