개도국 SDGs 이행 지원을 위한 개발재원 확대방안 (Financing for Sustainable Development and the Implications for Korea’s Policy on Development Cooperation)

170 Pages Posted: 29 Jul 2019

See all articles by Jione Jung

Jione Jung

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy

Jisun Jeong

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy

Juyoung Lee

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy; Seoul National University

Aila Yoo

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy

Date Written: December 31, 2018

Abstract

Korean Abstract: 지속가능개발목표(SDGs) 달성을 위해 2030년까지 개도국은 연간 5~7조 달러에 달하는 재원이 필요한 것으로 추정된다. 그러나 현재 개도국으로 유입되는 개발재원은 연간 4,000억 달러에 불과한 상태로, 개발재원 확대는 국제사회가 직면한 과제이다. ODA를 비롯한 공적 개발재원 규모가 확대되어야 하나, 글로벌 경기침체와 선진국 정부예산 제약 등으로 힌하여 전망이 밝지 않은 상황이다. 개발재원 공여 주체로서 민간부문에 대한 기대는 지속적으로 고조될 것으로 보이며, 민간재원 유도를 위한 공여국 정부와 공적 개발재원의 역할이 요구된다.
본 연구는 개발재원 확대에 관한 국제사회의 논의 분석, 공적 개발재원 흐름에 관한 동계 분석, 수원국의 대응동향 분석을 통해 개발재원 확대를 위한 정책방안을 도출하는 것이 목적이다. 이를 위해 개발재원 흐름에 관한 새로운 측정수단인 'TOSSD' 및 혼합금융 관련 주요 쟁점을 정리하였다. 또한 공적 개발재원 흐름에 관한 통계를 바탕으로 재원 유형별 특징과 공여 결정요인을 분석했다. 세네갈과 필리핀을 사례조사 대상국으로 선정하여 개발재원의 수혜자로서 대응전략과 이슈를 살펴봤다.

English Abstract: An estimated total of 5-7 trillion USD will be needed annually for developing countries to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030. However, financial flows to developing countries currently account for only 400 billion USD per year, thus highlighting the need to expand financial resources. Although public development finance should be increased in order to achieve the SDGs and the 0.7% ODA/GNI target set by DAC member countries, the prospect of increasing the total volume of ODA looks dim when considering the mounting constraints placed on the donor government’s budget. Therefore, the role of private finance will likely become more important to support the economic growth and sustainable development of developing countries.

This research aims to derive policy implications to increase financial flows to developing countries by examining current international debates on financing for development, conducting a statistical analysis of official development finance including ODA and other official flows (OOF), and analyzing case studies which cover the development finance landscape from the perspective of partner countries. Firstly, the study examines the major issues regarding development finance based on a study of international dialogue on financing for development. Secondly, the study derives the characteristics of official development resources and determinants of resource allocation by type based on statistical analysis of official development finance. This is followed by a study of cases in the Philippines and Senegal to understand the issues on development finance from the perspective of partner countries.

Note: Downloadable document is in Korean.

Keywords: Korea, Development Cooperation, Sustainable Development

Suggested Citation

Jung, Jione and Jeong, Jisun and Lee, Juyoung and Yoo, Aila, 개도국 SDGs 이행 지원을 위한 개발재원 확대방안 (Financing for Sustainable Development and the Implications for Korea’s Policy on Development Cooperation) (December 31, 2018). KIEP Research Paper. Policy Analyses 18-09. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3422608 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3422608

Jione Jung (Contact Author)

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy ( email )

[30147] Building C, Sejong National Research Compl
Seoul, 370
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

Jisun Jeong

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy ( email )

[30147] Building C, Sejong National Research Compl
Seoul, 370
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

Juyoung Lee

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy ( email )

[30147] Building C, Sejong National Research Compl
Seoul, 370
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

Seoul National University ( email )

Kwanak-gu
Seoul, 151-742
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

Aila Yoo

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy ( email )

[30147] Building C, Sejong National Research Compl
Seoul, 370
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

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