2000년 이후 러시아 경제성장 요인 분석과 지속성장을 위한 과제(Russian Economic Growth after 2000: Assessment and Suggestions)
89 Pages Posted: 29 Jul 2019 Last revised: 28 Sep 2020
Date Written: June 21, 2019
Korean Abstract: 러시아는 우리나라 신북방정책의 핵심 파트너다. 최근 한-러 서비스·투자 FTA 협상이 개시되는 등 양국 간 경제협력 활성화 분위기가 무르익고 있다. 본고는 2000년 이후 러시아 경제성장을 평가하고 지속성장을 위한 러시아 경제의 당면과제를 도출한다. 또한 상품을 포함한 한-러 경제협력 확대가 러시아 경제의 장기성장에 도움이 된다는 사실을 입증함으로써 양국 간 경제협력 확대의 상호 호혜성을 논증한다.
English Abstract: This paper investigates Russian economic growth after 2000. We first identify growth regimes of the Russian economy between 2000 and 2014 by using the break-point estimation. Russia’s economic growth during the period turns out to have three different regimes, the first, second and third of which are 2000-03, 2004-07 and 2008-14, respectively. We notice through growth accounting that total factor productivity (TFP, henceforth) led growth during the first regime in terms of its contribution to growth. However, TFP’s contribution to growth has diminished since the second regime, while capital accumulation has contributed to growth the most.
To figure out the driving force behind the findings from growth accounting, we take a careful look at critical economic events and policy changes that could affect TFP during the period. We find that there were extensive institutional reforms for efficient administration and taxation system in the first regime, which would promote TFP at large. On the contrary, the Russian government started to intervene resource allocations in the market especially by nationalizing large energy corporations in the second regime and Russian economy’s reliance on the energy sector has increased, both of which would undermine TFP growth.
Actually, we find that the production and export shares of mid- and high-tech manufacturing in the Russian economy begun to shrink from the second regime, while the export share of fuel increased rapidly. Related to this, we measure institutional barriers of Russia that prevent adoptions of technology and knowledge from foreign countries and found that the barriers are the smallest in the first regime while the largest in the second regime.
We then revisit the growth effects of trade to find befitting growth implications for the Russian economy. To address the endogeneity, we use the dynamic panel GMM method and confirm the positive growth effects of trade. Particularly, it boosts both income and TFP growth for a middle-income country such as Russia to increase goods import from high-income countries, which are stronger in mid- and high-tech manufacturing in overall. We also provide empirical evidence that more goods import from high-income countries fosters domestic mid- and high-tech manufacturing industries. These empirical findings indicate that the Russian economy can deal with the stagnation of TFP growth more effectively by expanding goods trade with high-income countries such as Korea.
Note: Downloadable document is in Korean.
Keywords: Russian Economic Growth, After 2000
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation