The Price of Capital Goods: A Driver of Investment Under Threat
37 Pages Posted: 20 Jul 2019
Date Written: June 2019
Over the past three decades, the price of machinery and equipment fell dramatically relative to other prices in advanced and emerging market and developing economies. Using cross-country and sectoral data, we show that the decline in the relative price of tangible tradable capital goods provided a significant impetus to the capital deepening that took place during the same time period. The broad-based decline in the relative price of machinery and equipment, in turn, was driven by the faster productivity growth in the capital goods producing sectors relative to the rest of the economy, and deeper trade integration, which induced domestic producers to lower prices and increase their efficiency. Our findings suggest an additional channel through which rising trade tensions and sluggish productivity could threaten real investment growth going forward.
Keywords: Real interest rates, Producer prices, Economic integration, Capital goods, Low-income developing countries, Relative price of investment goods, trade integration, trade barriers, capital deepening, global value chain, relative price, investment rate, trade cost, real investment, producer price
JEL Classification: F10, F40, E31, O40, E01, F13, L11, O24, F15
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation