Mammography: Case Histories of Significant Medical Advances
34 Pages Posted: 27 Jul 2019 Last revised: 6 Aug 2020
Date Written: July 31, 2020
We describe how the development of x-ray-based techniques and equipment (“mammography”) lead to widespread screening for breast cancer and enabled “minimally invasive” biopsies of breast tumors. Specifically, we chronicle how: 1) new protocols and equipment catalyzed the first widespread screening programs and minimally invasive biopsies in the 1960s and 1970s; 2) concerns about safety and accuracy spurred technological advance in the 1980s; and, 3) digitization further improved the safety and accuracy of mammography in the 1990s and 2000s.
Keywords: Health Care and Treatment, Technological Innovation, Innovation Strategy, Technology Adoption, Collaborative Innovation and Invention, Innovation and Invention, Governing Rules Regulations and Reforms
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