Mammography: Case Histories of Significant Medical Advances
43 Pages Posted: 27 Jul 2019 Last revised: 9 Jun 2021
Date Written: May 15, 2021
We describe how the development of x-ray-based techniques and equipment (“mammography”) lead to widespread screening for breast cancer and enabled “minimally invasive” biopsies of breast tumors. Specifically, we chronicle how: 1) the protocols and equipment, developed from 1950-1980, established a foundation for mammography; 2) improvements and new rules, in the 1980s, broadened use; and 3) digitization in the 1990s created a platform for more safety and accuracy.
Keywords: Health Care and Treatment, Technological Innovation, Innovation Strategy, Technology Adoption, Collaborative Innovation and Invention, Innovation and Invention, Governing Rules Regulations and Reforms
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