Burning Down the House? The Appellate Body in the Centre of the WTO Crisis

26 Pages Posted: 24 Jul 2019

See all articles by Bernard Hoekman

Bernard Hoekman

European University Institute - Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies (RSCAS); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); Economic Research Forum (ERF)

Petros C. Mavroidis

Columbia University - Law School

Date Written: July 1, 2019

Abstract

In December 2019 the WTO Appellate Body (AB) will cease to operate unless the United States stops blocking new appointments. The US argues the AB has exceeded its mandate and has indicated it wants to ensure that the AB performs the role originally assigned to it in 1995. This paper discusses the Uruguay round negotiating history with the view to establish what “going back to 1995” entails. It concludes that this should not be difficult assuming a willingness of the WTO membership to seriously consider the US concerns and acceptance by the US of a commitment by the membership to ensure that the AB operates consistently with its 1995 mandate.

Keywords: Dispute settlement, Appellate Body; WTO; Uruguay round

JEL Classification: F13; K40

Suggested Citation

Hoekman, Bernard and Mavroidis, Petros C., Burning Down the House? The Appellate Body in the Centre of the WTO Crisis (July 1, 2019). Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies Research Paper No. RSCAS 2019/56, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3424856 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3424856

Bernard Hoekman (Contact Author)

European University Institute - Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies (RSCAS) ( email )

via Boccaccio 121
Florence, Florence 50133
Italy

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

Economic Research Forum (ERF) ( email )

21 Al-Sad Al-Aaly St.
(P.O. Box: 12311)
Dokki, Cairo
Egypt

Petros C. Mavroidis

Columbia University - Law School ( email )

435 West 116th Street
New York, NY 10025
United States

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