The Human Capital Peace Dividend

52 Pages Posted: 24 Jul 2019 Last revised: 30 Jul 2019

See all articles by Olga Namen

Olga Namen

Universidad del Rosario

Mounu Prem

Universidad del Rosario

Juan F. Vargas

Universidad del Rosario

Date Written: July 29, 2019

Abstract

While the literature has documented negative effects of conflict on educational outcomes, there is surprisingly very little evidence on the effect of conflict termination on human capital. We fill this gap by showing how the permanent ceasefire declared by FARC’s insurgency during peace negotiations with the Colombian government caused a large differential reduction on school dropout rates in the areas affected by FARC violence prior to the ceasefire, relative to other areas. Importantly, this is not driven by child soldiering. Rather, our evidence suggests that the dropout reduction responds to the falling victimization rates in areas that experienced FARC violence.

Keywords: Education, School Dropout, Peace Process, Armed Conflict

JEL Classification: D74, I21, J24

Suggested Citation

Namen, Olga and Prem, Mounu and Vargas, Juan F., The Human Capital Peace Dividend (July 29, 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3424863 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3424863

Olga Namen

Universidad del Rosario ( email )

Calle 12 No. 6-25
Bogota, DC
Colombia

Mounu Prem

Universidad del Rosario ( email )

Casa Pedro Fermín
Calle 14 # 4-69
Bogota
Colombia

Juan F. Vargas (Contact Author)

Universidad del Rosario ( email )

Calle 12 No. 6-25
Bogota, DC
Colombia

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