Crime-Related Exposure to Violence and Social Preferences: Experimental Evidence from Bogotá

Documentos FCE-CID Escuela de Economía N° 101

49 Pages Posted: 26 Jul 2019

See all articles by Francesco Bogliacino

Francesco Bogliacino

National University of Colombia - Department of Economics

Camilo Ernesto Gómez

National University of Colombia

Gianluca Grimalda

Kiel Institute for the World Economy; Centre for Global Cooperation Research, University of Duisburg-Essen; Jaume I University

Date Written: July 23, 2019

Abstract

In this paper, we study the relationship between exposure to violence (ETV) and pro-social behavior using two artefactual field experiments in Bogotá, Colombia. We focus on two dimensions of ETV: trauma and negative economic shock. In our first experiment, after manipulating a recall of ETV, we collate a number of decisions from a trust game and a dictator game. Using a design inspired by Falk and Zehnder (2013), we compare the measures of in-group bias at the district level. In our companion experiment, we use a similar design, which includes a Prisoners’ Dilemma, and we introduce a 2-by-2 design where we attempt to disentangle the effect of trauma and a negative wealth shock. Our results suggest that there is a positive relationship between ETV and pro-social behavior, driven by both trauma and shock. Finally, there is evidence of in-group bias at the district level in Bogotá, but this is task specific. When we explore possible mediating variables proposed by the literature, we find that only beliefs seem to be affected, however the result is not robust. On the other hand, evidence is consistent with a generalized explanation based on either the dual system theory or the role of negative emotions.

Keywords: discrimination; trust; trustworthiness; cooperation; violence; third party punishment; social heuristics hypothesis

JEL Classification: D63; D64; D91; C91

Suggested Citation

Bogliacino, Francesco and Gómez, Camilo Ernesto and Grimalda, Gianluca, Crime-Related Exposure to Violence and Social Preferences: Experimental Evidence from Bogotá (July 23, 2019). Documentos FCE-CID Escuela de Economía N° 101, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3425316 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3425316

Francesco Bogliacino (Contact Author)

National University of Colombia - Department of Economics ( email )

Carrera 30 Calle 45 Ciudad Universitaria
Bogotá
Colombia

Camilo Ernesto Gómez

National University of Colombia ( email )

Carrera 30 45-03
Bogota, None
Colombia

Gianluca Grimalda

Kiel Institute for the World Economy ( email )

P.O. Box 4309
Kiel, Schleswig-Hosltein D-24100
Germany

Centre for Global Cooperation Research, University of Duisburg-Essen ( email )

Schifferstraße 196
Duisburg, NRW 47059
Germany

Jaume I University ( email )

Castellon
E-12071 Castello de la Plana, Castellón de la Plana 12071
Spain

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