The Four Motives of Educational Innovators

23 Pages Posted: 30 Jul 2019

See all articles by Tatiana Khavenson

Tatiana Khavenson

National Research University Higher School of Economics

Diana Koroleva

National Research University Higher School of Economics

Anastasia Lukina

National Research University Higher School of Economics (Moscow), Students

Date Written: July 24, 2019

Abstract

Education systems across the world are experiencing significant transformations. Grassroots innovators play an important role in these changes. To stimulate the development of grassroots innovations it is important to understand the mechanisms that underlie their creation. This paper investigates the motivation of individuals who initialize innovative projects in education. The approach to measuring motivation was adopted from the Panel Study of Entrepreneurial Dynamics (PSED) initially developed for social and commercial entrepreneurs. The Russian version of the methodology was elaborated and validated to study educational innovators. The sample consists of 437 participants of the Competition for Innovation in Education (KIVO). Four types of motivation are identified: social, self-realization, status, financial. They are explained within the self-determination theory (SDT) and grassroots innovations. The social and self-realization motives are inherent in all the actors, while the other two vary among innovators. This motivational structure allows the authors to differentiate between specific types of innovators – social entrepreneurs and ‘non-entrepreneurs’. The discussion, following the conclusion in this article, focuses on which environment would be favorable for developing innovations, considering the personal motives for innovative activity. The results can be valuable for education policy.

Keywords: innovation, grassroots innovation, education innovations, motivation, PSED, education system, educational change

JEL Classification: I20, I21, O35

Suggested Citation

Khavenson, Tatiana and Koroleva, Diana and Lukina, Anastasia, The Four Motives of Educational Innovators (July 24, 2019). Higher School of Economics Research Paper No. WP BRP 52/EDU/2019, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3425894 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3425894

Tatiana Khavenson (Contact Author)

National Research University Higher School of Economics ( email )

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

Diana Koroleva

National Research University Higher School of Economics ( email )

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

Anastasia Lukina

National Research University Higher School of Economics (Moscow), Students ( email )

Moscow
Russia

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