Cooperative Business System of Dairy Sector in India: Role of State, Caste and Gender

27 Pages Posted: 30 Jul 2019

See all articles by Shweta A

Shweta A

Management Development Institute, Students

Rajen Gupta

Management Development Institute

Amit Gupta

Management Development Institute; Indian Institute of Management (IIMB), Bangalore; Indian Institute of Management Amritsar; Indian Institute of Management Amritsar

Date Written: July 26, 2019

Abstract

The current financial crisis has led to a renewed interest in the study of differences among nations in their approaches to economic activities, a method that has been labelled as varieties of capitalism (Carney, Eric, & Yang, 2009). Cooperative is a significant mode of organizing around the world that is showing resilience to the current financial crisis(Birchall & Ketilson, 2009). In India, cooperatives have 230 million members covering 100% of villages (Das, Palai, & Das, 2006). Despite cooperative‟s extensive reach and impact; there is no literature on cooperatives from a business system perspective as conceptualized by Whitley. This paper applies the business system perspective(Whitley, 1999) to cooperatives and explores the extent and the ways in which institutions affect cooperative business system. We specifically explore the role of state (given its overwhelming dominance over the cooperatives in India), caste (a social institution that is unique to India) and gender. This paper explores how gendered division of labour impacts interest group and how interest group affects work system. Our initial findings have implications for extending business system framework from a caste and gender perspective. We use Rajasthan Cooperative Dairy Federation (RCDF) as a context to illustrate our thesis. RCDF was chosen because (1) Rajasthan is one of the states of India steeped in traditions. Caste and gender have a strong impact on the culture and institutions of Rajasthan; (2) Different states of India have different cultures and we wanted to control for state level effects; (3) the first author resides in Rajasthan and had access to RCDF.

Keywords: RCDF, Business system, India

JEL Classification: P13

Suggested Citation

A, Shweta and Gupta, Rajen and Gupta, Amit, Cooperative Business System of Dairy Sector in India: Role of State, Caste and Gender (July 26, 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3427088 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3427088

Shweta A (Contact Author)

Management Development Institute, Students ( email )

Murshidabad
India

Rajen Gupta

Management Development Institute ( email )

Faculty Block, B3
P.O. Box 60, Sukhrali, Mehrauli Gurgaon Road
Gurgaon, Haryana 122001
India

Amit Gupta

Management Development Institute

Faculty Block, B3
P.O. Box 60, Sukhrali, Mehrauli Gurgaon Road
Gurgaon, Haryana 122001
India

Indian Institute of Management (IIMB), Bangalore ( email )

Bannerghatta Road
Bangalore, Karnataka 560076
India

HOME PAGE: http://amitg@iimb.ernet.in

Indian Institute of Management Amritsar ( email )

Inside Government Polytechnic Campus
Polytechnic Road PO: Chheharta, G.T. Road
Amritsar, 143105
India

Indian Institute of Management Amritsar ( email )

Inside Government Polytechnic Campus
Polytechnic Road PO: Chheharta, G.T. Road
Amritsar, 143105
India

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