Complete Whole-Brain Single Neuron Reconstruction Reveals Morphological Diversity in Molecularly Defined Claustral and Cortical Neuron Types
51 Pages Posted: 30 Jul 2019 Sneak Peek Status: Review CompleteMore...
Dendritic and axonal morphology is a defining feature of neuronal types and their connectivity. Yet our knowledge concerning the diversity of neuronal morphology is extremely limited. To systematically obtain single neuron full morphology on a brain-wide scale in mice, we established a pipeline that encompasses five major components: sparse labeling, whole-brain imaging, reconstruction, registration, and classification. We achieved sparse, robust and consistent fluorescent labeling by combining transgenic or viral Cre delivery with novel transgenic reporter lines, and generated whole-brain fluorescent imaging datasets containing tens of thousands of reconstructable neurons. We developed software tools for large-volume image data processing and computer-assisted morphological reconstruction. For a proof-of-principle, we reconstructed the full morphologies of 96 neurons from the claustrum and cortex that belong to a single transcriptomically-defined subclass, and classified them into multiple morphological types, suggesting that they work in a targeted and coordinated manner to process cortical information over a large region.
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