On the Malleability of Implicit Attitudes Towards Women Empowerment: Evidence from Tunisia

34 Pages Posted: 29 Jul 2019

See all articles by Eleonora E. Nillesen

Eleonora E. Nillesen

United Nations University (UNU-MERIT); Maastricht University

Michael Grimm

Erasmus University Rotterdam; University of Passau; IZA; DIW Berlin

Micheline Goedhuys

United Nations University (UNU-MERIT)

Ann-Kristin Reitmann

University of Passau

Aline Meysonnat

UNU-MERIT

Date Written: July 2019

Abstract

We use an implicit association test (IAT) to measure implicit gender attitudes and examine the malleability of these attitudes using a randomized field experiment and quasi-experimental data from Tunisia. Women that appear most conservative respond to a randomized video treatment by reducing their implicit gender bias. Also, female interviewers invite more conservative responses to the IAT, especially among the male subsample. Perceived religiosity of the interviewer affects self-reported gender attitudes, but not IAT measures, suggesting social desirability may be at work. We discuss the implications of our findings for the use of implicit measures in development research.

Keywords: women empowerment, implicit association test, interviewer effects, Middle East and North Africa

JEL Classification: C83, D91, O12

Suggested Citation

Nillesen, Eleonora E. and Grimm, Michael and Goedhuys, Micheline and Reitmann, Ann-Kristin and Meysonnat, Aline, On the Malleability of Implicit Attitudes Towards Women Empowerment: Evidence from Tunisia (July 2019). IZA Discussion Paper No. 12471. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3427609

Eleonora E. Nillesen (Contact Author)

United Nations University (UNU-MERIT) ( email )

Maastricht
Netherlands

Maastricht University

P.O. Box 616
Maastricht, 6200MD
Netherlands

Michael Grimm

Erasmus University Rotterdam ( email )

Kortenaerkade 12
P.O. Box 29776
The Hague, 2502LT
Netherlands

HOME PAGE: http://www.iss.nl

University of Passau ( email )

Innstrasse 29
Passau, 94032
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.wiwi.uni-passau.de/grimm.html

IZA ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

DIW Berlin ( email )

Mohrenstra├če 58
Berlin, 10117
Germany

Micheline Goedhuys

United Nations University (UNU-MERIT) ( email )

Maastricht
Netherlands

Ann-Kristin Reitmann

University of Passau ( email )

Innstrasse 27
Passau, 94032
Germany

Aline Meysonnat

UNU-MERIT

Keizer Karelplein 19
Maastricht, 6211TC
Netherlands

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Downloads
16
Abstract Views
111
PlumX Metrics