On the Malleability of Implicit Attitudes Towards Women Empowerment: Evidence from Tunisia
34 Pages Posted: 29 Jul 2019
Date Written: July 2019
We use an implicit association test (IAT) to measure implicit gender attitudes and examine the malleability of these attitudes using a randomized field experiment and quasi-experimental data from Tunisia. Women that appear most conservative respond to a randomized video treatment by reducing their implicit gender bias. Also, female interviewers invite more conservative responses to the IAT, especially among the male subsample. Perceived religiosity of the interviewer affects self-reported gender attitudes, but not IAT measures, suggesting social desirability may be at work. We discuss the implications of our findings for the use of implicit measures in development research.
Keywords: women empowerment, implicit association test, interviewer effects, Middle East and North Africa
JEL Classification: C83, D91, O12
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation