The Impact of Paid Family Leave on the Timing of Infant Vaccinations

35 Pages Posted: 29 Jul 2019

See all articles by Agnitra Choudhury

Agnitra Choudhury

Auburn University

Solomon W. Polachek

State University of New York at Binghamton; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Date Written: July 2019

Abstract

Raising a new-born child involves not only financial resources, but also time investment from the parents. A time constraint can affect important decisions made by parents at the early stages of an infant's life. One form of investment that is particularly important is vaccinating an infant. We analyze the impact of time constraints on immunization of infants on time. To establish a causal relationship, we exploit California's implementation of Paid Parental Leave Program as a natural experiment. Using a nationally representative dataset from the National Immunization Survey, we find evidence that the policy reduced late vaccinations for children born to parents in California after the policy was implemented. We test for heterogeneous effects of the policy on different subgroups in the population. We find the policy had a stronger impact on families that are below the poverty line. We conduct a series of falsification tests and robustness checks to test the validity of the results. In addition, our results are robust to several placebo tests.

Keywords: vaccination, paid parental leave, difference-in-difference, synthetic control method

JEL Classification: D04, I12, I18, J18

Suggested Citation

Choudhury, Agnitra and Polachek, Solomon W., The Impact of Paid Family Leave on the Timing of Infant Vaccinations (July 2019). IZA Discussion Paper No. 12483, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3427622

Agnitra Choudhury (Contact Author)

Auburn University ( email )

415 West Magnolia Avenue
Auburn, AL 36849
United States

Solomon W. Polachek

State University of New York at Binghamton ( email )

Binghamton, NY 13902-6000
United States
607-777-2144 (Phone)
607-777-4900 (Fax)

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Downloads
17
Abstract Views
161
PlumX Metrics