Impact of Early Childcare on Immigrant Children’s Educational Performance

38 Pages Posted: 30 Jul 2019

See all articles by Luca Corazzini

Luca Corazzini

Ca Foscari University of Venice - Dipartimento di Economia

Elena Meschi

Ca Foscari University of Venice

Caterina Pavese

Ca Foscari University of Venice

Date Written: July 26, 2019

Abstract

This paper investigates the impact of attending early childcare on second generation immigrant children’s cognitive outcomes. Our analysis draws on administrative data on the entire population of students in fifth grade collected by the Italian Institute for the Evaluation of the Educational System (INVALSI) for school years 2014/2015 to 2016/2017 matched to unique administrative records on the early childcare public available slots at the municipal level. Our identification strategy exploits cross-sectional and time series variation in the provision of early childcare service across Italian municipalities as an instrument for individual early childcare attendance. Our results point out that the effect of early childcare attendance differs between native and immigrant children. Although we find no effects for Italian children, our estimates show a positive and significant effect on literacy test scores for immigrant children of low educated parents, which suggests that early childcare may be particularly relevant for immigrant children from a disadvantaged background.

Keywords: Childcare, Cognitive Skills, Immigrant Children, IV

JEL Classification: J13, J15, H75, I20, I28

Suggested Citation

Corazzini, Luca and Meschi, Elena and Pavese, Caterina, Impact of Early Childcare on Immigrant Children’s Educational Performance (July 26, 2019). University Ca' Foscari of Venice, Dept. of Economics Research Paper Series No. 24/WP/2019, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3428615 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3428615

Luca Corazzini (Contact Author)

Ca Foscari University of Venice - Dipartimento di Economia ( email )

Cannaregio 873
Venice, 30121
Italy

HOME PAGE: http://www.unive.it/pag/16892/

Elena Meschi

Ca Foscari University of Venice

Dorsoduro 3246
Venice, Veneto 30123
Italy

Caterina Pavese

Ca Foscari University of Venice ( email )

Dorsoduro 3246
Venice, Veneto 30123
Italy

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