Multivariate Stochastic Volatility Modeling of Neural Data
37 Pages Posted: 2 Aug 2019
Date Written: July 29, 2019
Because multivariate autoregressive models have failed to adequately account for the complexity of neural signals, researchers have predom- inantly relied on non-parametric methods when studying the relations between brain and behavior. Using medial temporal lobe (MTL) recordings from 96 neurosurgical patients, we show that time series models with volatility described by a multivariate stochastic latent-variable process and lagged interactions between signals in different brain regions provide new insights into the dynamics of brain function. The implied volatility inferred from our process positively correlates with high-frequency spectral activity, a signal that correlates with neuronal activity. We show that volatility features derived from our model can reliably decode memory states, and that this classifier performs as well as those using spectral features. Using the directional connections between brain regions during complex cognitive process provided by the model, we uncovered perirhinal-hippocampal desynchronization in the MTL regions that is associated with successful memory encoding.
Keywords: stochastic volatility models, electrophysiology, model-based connectivity, verbal memory
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation