Case Histories of Significant Medical Advances: Laparoscopy
20 Pages Posted: 1 Aug 2019
Date Written: July 22, 2019
We describe how operations through laparoscopes – tubular instruments inserted into abdominal cavities – revolutionized gynecological and other surgeries inside the abdomen such as gall bladder removal. Specifically we chronicle the: 1) foundational contributions of gynecologists in France and Germany in the 1960; 2) development of female sterilization and infertility treatments (that used laparoscopes) in Britain in the 1970s; 3) transformation of gall bladder removal surgery in the US in the late 1980s, which set the stage for other “minimally invasive” surgical procedures and, 4) geographic dissemination of these procedures.
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation