Public Health Impact of Substance Use on Adolescent: A Snapshot of Yenagoa in Bayelsa State. Nigeria

American Journal of Biomedical Science & Research, 2019

14 Pages Posted: 5 Aug 2019

See all articles by Morufu Olalekan Raimi

Morufu Olalekan Raimi

Niger Delta University (NDU) - Department of Community Medicine; Department of Environmental Health Science, School of Allied Health and Environmental Sciences, Kwara State University, Malete, Kwara State, Nigeria.; Centre for Ecological and Environmental Research Management and Studies, Kwara State University, Malete, Kwara State, Nigeria.; Saving One Million Lives Program for Results (SOML PforR) Bayelsa State Ministry of Health

Abdulraheem Aishat Funmilayo

Niger Delta University (NDU) - Department of Sociology

Iteimowei Major

Niger Delta University (NDU)

Ebikapaye Okoyen

Bayelsa State Ministry of Health; Save One Million Lives Program for Results (SOML PforR).

Olaolu Oyinlola Bilewu

Department of Public and Environmental Health

Date Written: July 31, 2019

Abstract

The Nigerian polarization of its society with an estimated population ranging from 198 to 210 million people, growing at the rate of 3.2% per annum, into a large rural sector and a small urban component could provide a basis for the rapid increase in the prevalence of substance use among adolescents, which has aroused public health concern and have been declared a national public health and social emergency with a threat multiplier. One in every five people in the world is an adolescent, regrettably four out of every 10 teenagers you meet on the street now abuse drugs and if unchecked, seven out of every 10 young persons on your street would become drug addicts by the year 2030 particularly in the major cities. Yet, many adolescents lose their lives during this adolescent period. However, the World Health Organization reported that an estimated 1.7 million adolescents die yearly mostly through accidents, suicide, violence, pregnancy related complications, substance abuse and high-risk behaviors or illnesses that are either preventable or treatable. Adolescents suffer from a preponderance of health risk and behavioral problems. Admittedly, substance abuse is particularly problematic for this population and causes significant harm to their health and well-being. However, the teenage years are so volatile that parents should not worry about making much progress. Consequently, substance use affects developing brain by increasing the risk of addiction, mood disorders, lowered impulse control, increased risk for adverse consequences, confusion, cognitive impairment, and medical morbidity, which can contribute to hospitalizations and health care costs, as well as loss of independence and has been known to increase risky sexual activity, emphysema, lung cancer, heart disease, oral cancers, laryngeal carcinoma, and a number of other health issues in older age, decreased academic grades, and making poor decisions, that can be detrimental to the adolescents using or to others crime, militancy and violence behaviors etc. This article addresses the current trends and research related to the public health impact of substance use on adolescent. It is therefore vital for parent and societies to seize the opportunity of applying behavior modification, mind transformation and remodification therapy to young adults. Also, citizen advocacy should be intensified and encouraged on the health impact of substance use. It is also imperative that all stakeholders engage in concerted efforts to target both parents and adolescents in substance use control strategies.

Keywords: Substance Use; Adolescents; Public Health Emergency; Threat Multiplier; Militancy; Risky sexual activity; Yenagoa

Suggested Citation

Raimi, Morufu Olalekan and Funmilayo, Abdulraheem Aishat and Major, Iteimowei and Ebikapaye, Okoyen and Bilewu, Olaolu Oyinlola, Public Health Impact of Substance Use on Adolescent: A Snapshot of Yenagoa in Bayelsa State. Nigeria (July 31, 2019). American Journal of Biomedical Science & Research, 2019, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3429577 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3429577

Morufu Olalekan Raimi (Contact Author)

Niger Delta University (NDU) - Department of Community Medicine ( email )

Nigeria
07038053786 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Morufu_Raimi

Department of Environmental Health Science, School of Allied Health and Environmental Sciences, Kwara State University, Malete, Kwara State, Nigeria. ( email )

Kwara State University
Malete
Nigeria
+2347038053786 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://publons.com/a/1479339/

Centre for Ecological and Environmental Research Management and Studies, Kwara State University, Malete, Kwara State, Nigeria. ( email )

Malete
Malete
Nigeria
+2347038053786 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://https://afribary.com/authors/morufu-raimi

Saving One Million Lives Program for Results (SOML PforR) Bayelsa State Ministry of Health ( email )

Yenagoa
Yenagoa
Nigeria

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.linkedin.com/in/raimi-morufu-774a1144/

Abdulraheem Aishat Funmilayo

Niger Delta University (NDU) - Department of Sociology

Amassama
Niger

Iteimowei Major

Niger Delta University (NDU) ( email )

Department of Sociology
Amassama, Bayelsa State +234
Niger

Okoyen Ebikapaye

Bayelsa State Ministry of Health; Save One Million Lives Program for Results (SOML PforR). ( email )

Yenagoa
Yenagoa, Bayelsa State
Nigeria
+2348039349766 (Phone)

Olaolu Oyinlola Bilewu

Department of Public and Environmental Health ( email )

Department of Public and Environmental Health
Malete, Kwara State 240101
Nigeria
+2349094191042 (Phone)

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