Case Histories of Significant Medical Advances: Computed Tomography
19 Pages Posted: 1 Aug 2019
Date Written: July 19, 2019
We describe how Computed Tomography (CT) scanners - that combine x-rays and computers to image soft tissues of the brain and other organs -- have become a widely used diagnostic tool. Specifically, we chronicle the: 1) development of the first CT scanner (through the early-1970s); 2) rapid and enthusiastic adoption of CT scanning (until the late 1970s); 3) regulatory backlash against the perceived overuse of this expensive technology (in the 1980s); and 4) innovations that reignited growth (in the 1990s and 2000s).
Keywords: Health Care and Treatment, Technological Innovation, Innovation Strategy, Technology Adoption, Collaborative Innovation and Invention, Innovation and Invention, Governing Rules, Regulations, and Reforms
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