Falseadores (DCH) (Forgers (DCH))

39 Pages Posted: 27 Aug 2019

See all articles by Javier Villa Flores

Javier Villa Flores

Emory University - Department of Religion

Date Written: May 15, 2019

Abstract

Spanish Abstract: Definido como ocultamiento o mutación intencional de la verdad en perjuicio de tercero, el delito de falsedad fue objeto de interés y severos castigos en ambos lados del Atlántico Ibérico. La gravedad del delito radicaba no en la mentira o disimulación dolosa, sino en el asalto intencional a la fe pública a través del fraude. Debido a que la falsedad era considerada una injuria y agravio al común, la denuncia y castigo de la falsedad se convirtió muy pronto en un asunto de “publica utilidad”. Este artículo discute el amplio espectro y alcance legal de las distintas formas de falseamiento como delito público en Hispanoamérica colonial, tomando como punto de partida la literatura normativa y prescriptiva de la época. Cierra este artículo un breve balance historiográfico, en donde se indican algunas líneas de investigación más importantes de los últimos años sobre el tema.

English Abstract: Commonly defined as the concealment or intentional mutation of the truth to the detriment of a third party, the crime of falsehood was the subject of interest and severe punishments on both sides of the Iberian Atlantic. The seriousness of the crime lied not so much in the act of lying or malicious concealment, but in the intentional assault on the public faith through fraud. Because falsehood was considered a public crime, its denunciation and punishment soon became a matter of "public utility." This article discusses the broad spectrum and legal scope of the different forms of falsification as a public crime in colonial Latin America, taking as a starting point the normative and prescriptive literature of the time. The essay closes with a brief historiographic balance, outlining some of the most important lines of research in recent years on the subject.

Note: Downloadable document is in Spanish.

Keywords: Deception, Forgery, Imposture, Counterfeiters, Perjury

Suggested Citation

Villa Flores, Javier, Falseadores (DCH) (Forgers (DCH)) (May 15, 2019). Max Planck Institute for European Legal History Research Paper Series No. 2019-18. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3430232 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3430232

Javier Villa Flores (Contact Author)

Emory University - Department of Religion ( email )

Emory University
S214 Callaway Center
Atlanta, GA 30322
United States

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