Review Essay of The Landscape of Silence: Sexual Violence Against Men in War, by Amalendu Misra, (New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2015) 271 Pp.; Rape Loot Pillage: The Political Economy of Sexual Violence in Armed Conflict, by Sara Meger, (New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2016) 248 Pp.; Prosecuting Conflict-Related Sexual Violence at the ICTY, by Serge Brammertz and Michelle Jarvis (eds), (New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2016) 544 Pp.
(2019) 17:2 Journal of International Criminal Justice 453–462.
Posted: 5 Aug 2019
Date Written: August 1, 2019
While many scholarly and journalistic works have been published in the past three decades on wartime rape and other forms of conflict-related gender-based crimes, the reviewed books, which were selected carefully, play a significant role in stirring up debates about rape and different patterns of sexual violence in the context of armed conflict. The reviewed books target a wide-ranging spectrum of readers, including practitioners and actors in the judicial system, academics and others with a minimal amount of domain knowledge. That said, the goals of this review are twofold: first, to contribute to a better understanding of wartime gender-based crimes by shedding light on the treatment of these heinous crimes in international criminal law; and secondly, to examine these crimes in different treaties and from different viewpoints to assess the achievements and failures of international criminal courts and tribunals in addressing such atrocious crimes.
Notwithstanding the different aims and styles of the reviewed books, they all make an original contribution to scholarship by increasing awareness about the seriousness of conflict-related gender-based crimes and appealing to the international community to reform its standing criminal justice system to adequately prosecute these crimes, eradicate the culture of impunity and bring perpetrators to justice. Moreover, the three books are engaged in critical debates around the socio-political and legal aspects of conflict-related gender-based crimes and their social impact on victims and their societies. Furthermore, they critically examine the experience of international criminal judicial bodies, particularly the ICTY, and explore their achievements and serious challenges to prosecute these crimes in the past three decades.
Keywords: Conflict-Related Gender-Based Crimes; Wartime Rape, International Criminal Law; Gender Justice, International Criminal Court; International Criminal Tribunal for Former Yugoslavia; Hilmi M. Zawati; Amalendu Misra; Sara Meger; Serge Brammertz; Michelle Jarvis
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation