Measuring Social Norms About Female Labor Force Participation in Jordan

41 Pages Posted: 6 Aug 2019

See all articles by Varun Gauri

Varun Gauri

World Bank; World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

Tasmia Rahman

World Bank

Iman Kalyan Sen

World Bank

Date Written: June 26, 2019

Abstract

This study conducted a large-scale, representative survey of social norms for female labor force participation in three governorates of Jordan. The social norms measures are disaggregated into thematic clusters, empirical and normative expectations, and interpersonal expectations within the household. The measurements satisfy reasonable tests for internal consistency, external validity, and test-retest reliability. The survey shows that the great majority of men and women favor women's labor force participation, although support falls under specific scenarios. Most non?working women would like a job. Among married women, the strongest correlates of working are the woman's expectations of her husband's views and the husband's personal beliefs. Among unmarried women, empirical expectations of the number of women working correlate strongest with labor force participation. The study findings indicate that information campaigns highlighting hidden support for women working could be effective, although distinct messages for men, married women, and unmarried women may be useful.

Keywords: Gender and Development, Educational Sciences, Labor Markets, Transport Services

Suggested Citation

Gauri, Varun and Rahman, Tasmia and Sen, Iman Kalyan, Measuring Social Norms About Female Labor Force Participation in Jordan (June 26, 2019). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 8916, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3430528

Varun Gauri (Contact Author)

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States

HOME PAGE: http://econ.worldbank.org/staff/vgauri

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

1818 H. Street, N.W.
MSN3-311
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Tasmia Rahman

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Iman Kalyan Sen

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

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