Rule of Law Crisis, Judiciary and Competition Law
Legal Issues of Economic Integration 46, no. 4 (2019): 345–362
18 Pages Posted: 7 Aug 2019 Last revised: 17 Dec 2019
Date Written: June 30, 2019
This article discusses the implications of the rule of law crisis on a core area of EU law: competition law. It analyses the reforms of the judiciary in selected EU Member States and the reaction of EU institutions. The article shows that the reforms of the judiciary give rise to doubts regarding the independence and expertise of courts which are responsible for reviewing the decisions of national competition authorities adopted under Articles 101-102 TFEU and national competition laws. As a result, the effective judicial protection required by EU primary law is undermined. In addition, mutual trust, upon which the decentralized enforcement of EU competition law is based, is put into question. The article calls upon EU institutions, and in particular the European Commission, to more closely and effectively monitor the developments in Member States which may affect the enforcement of EU (and national) competition rules.
Keywords: competition law, antitrust, judiciary, national courts, rule of law, rule of law crisis, independence, expertise, judicial review, Member States, enforcement of competition law, European Union, Poland, Hungary, CEE
JEL Classification: K21, K23
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation