The Begging Game: On the Power of the Ask in Monetary Giving
40 Pages Posted: 8 Aug 2019 Last revised: 13 Jul 2021
Date Written: August 5, 2019
The literature on monetary giving has largely focused on the psychological mechanisms that underlie prosocial giving behaviors. Yet in practice giving is almost always done in response to a solicitation or "ask." In this paper we study solicitation strategy, providing evidence that the "ask" may alter the nature of an exchange relationship in a manner that favors recipients relative to giving situations in which the recipient is passive. We introduce a variant of the dictator game called the "begging game" in which an individual can ask for some or all of an amount of money bestowed upon another individual. Our results indicate that both the asked for and received amounts in the begging game are systematically higher than typically shown in dictator games, while asks of half yield the best result in expectation. When counter-offers are allowed, 87.5% ask for half or more of the total sum, with 80% receiving at least some money. Hence large asks are often not punished. Our combined results help quantify the "power of the ask."
Keywords: Decision Making; Judgment; Game Theory; Giving; Asking
JEL Classification: D64, D90, G41
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation