p-Hacking: A Strategic Analysis
19 Pages Posted: 12 Aug 2019
Date Written: August 6, 2019
The phenomenon of p-hacking occurs when researchers engage in questionable practices that enable them to report findings as being statistically significant. I offer four models of p-hacking behavior – unconditional, strategic, greedy, and restrained – and explore the implications of each model. I discuss the implications of recent reforms (routine replication, pre- registration, and blinded data analysis) with respect to these models.
Keywords: replicability, research integrity, statistical inference, motivated reasoning
JEL Classification: C12
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation