Job Accessibility and Urban Transport Connectivity: Evidence from Antananarivo, Madagascar
27 Pages Posted: 7 Aug 2019
Date Written: August 6, 2019
In recent years, there has been renewed interest in access to jobs in relation to transport connectivity. In Sub-Saharan Africa, about 14 million working age people are added to the labor market every year. Ensuring sustained access to jobs seems to be a prerequisite for inclusive and robust economic growth. The paper examines the impact of public transit connectivity on access to jobs, especially focusing on wages. Using data from Antananarivo, Madagascar, it is shown that the wages earned by commuters are systematically higher than the wages earned by those who decided not to commute and are self-employed or engaged with family businesses around their neighborhood. Proximity to public transport, especially taxi-be, is important to promote people's access to jobs. It is also found that there is a substantial gender inequality in wages in the country: Women are more likely to use buses to commute, and yet, they earn less than men. In addition, the poor tend to benefit less from public transportation. Public bus services are affordable, however, the quality of the services may remain low.
Keywords: Transport Services, Labor Markets, Urban Transport, Transport in Urban Areas, Urban Housing, Urban Governance and Management, Municipal Management and Reform, Urban Housing and Land Settlements, Transport Economics Policy & Planning
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