Exploring OECD SDGs Pilot City's 50-Year Time Series Data and Its Environmental Kuznets Curves

Working Paper No. PKU-1907, Beppu, June 30, 2019

6 Pages Posted: 10 Aug 2019

See all articles by Quan Hoang Vuong

Quan Hoang Vuong

Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB) - Solvay Brussels School of Economics and Management; Phenikaa University

Tung Ho

Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences - Institute of Philosophy; Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University, Students

Minh-Hoang Nguyen

Centre for Interdisciplinary Social Research, Phenikaa University ; Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University

Date Written: June 30, 2019

Abstract

Can green growth policies help protect the environment while keeping the industry growing and infrastructure expanding? This study applies Auto-Regressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) method on the 50-years’ time series data, from 1967 to 2015, of Kitakyushu City, Japan, and found mixed evidence for Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) hypothesis. The analyses of NO2, Ox, falling dust particle, and SOx highlight a trilemma among the growth of industrial firms, infrastructure development, and reducing air-quality degradation. Nevertheless, for CO emission per capita, its logarithm has a general declining trend when plotted against both average firm size growth and paved road area expansion. This finding sheds light on the possibility of developing a regulatory framework that can harmonize a low-carbon society with industrial and infrastructure development.

Keywords: Environmental Kuznets Curve, SDG, Kitakyushu, Emission

JEL Classification: E01, F18, F64, H23

Suggested Citation

Vuong, Quan Hoang and Ho, Tung and Nguyen, Minh-Hoang, Exploring OECD SDGs Pilot City's 50-Year Time Series Data and Its Environmental Kuznets Curves (June 30, 2019). Working Paper No. PKU-1907, Beppu, June 30, 2019, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3433595 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3433595

Quan Hoang Vuong (Contact Author)

Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB) - Solvay Brussels School of Economics and Management ( email )

ULB CP 145/01
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Phenikaa University ( email )

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Hanoi, Hanoi 100803
Vietnam

HOME PAGE: http://sites.google.com/site/vuongqh2019/

Tung Ho

Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences - Institute of Philosophy ( email )

1 Lieu Glai
Ba Dinh
Hanoi
Vietnam

Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University, Students ( email )

Beppu
Japan

Minh-Hoang Nguyen

Centre for Interdisciplinary Social Research, Phenikaa University ( email )

Hanoi
Vietnam

Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University ( email )

Beppu
Japan

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