Immigration vs. Poverty: Causal Impact on Demand for Redistribution in a Survey Experiment

88 Pages Posted: 8 Aug 2019 Last revised: 19 May 2021

See all articles by Andrea FM Martinangeli

Andrea FM Martinangeli

Burgundy School of Business; University of Gothenburg - Centre for Collective Action (CeCAR)

Lisa Windsteiger

Max Planck Institute for Tax Law and Public Finance

Date Written: August 7, 2019

Abstract

Demand for and provision of redistributive public intervention, which had in the recent past given way to immigration in the political arena, bounced force-fully back at the onset of the economic consequences of the Covid pandemic. We investigate how demand for both the financing and the provision of redistribution is affected by immigration and poverty. Information about immigration has a negative impact on demanded redistributive taxation among high income respondents and a positive one among low income earners. Information about poverty has no impact. On the provision side, high income respondents increase desired public education expenditure in response to poverty, while low income respondents reduce desired education spending in response to immigration. These heterogeneities are consistent with protectionist reactions to immigration and poverty.

Keywords: immigration, poverty, redistribution, survey experiment

JEL Classification: D31, D63, H53, J15

Suggested Citation

Martinangeli, Andrea and Windsteiger, Lisa, Immigration vs. Poverty: Causal Impact on Demand for Redistribution in a Survey Experiment (August 7, 2019). Working Paper of the Max Planck Institute for Tax Law and Public Finance No. 2019-13, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3434292 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3434292

Andrea Martinangeli (Contact Author)

Burgundy School of Business ( email )

29 Rue Sambin
Dijon, 21000
France

University of Gothenburg - Centre for Collective Action (CeCAR) ( email )

Box 100, S-405 30
Gothenburg
Sweden

Lisa Windsteiger

Max Planck Institute for Tax Law and Public Finance ( email )

Marstallplatz 1
Munich, 80539
Germany

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