Immigration vs. Poverty: Causal Impact on Demand for Redistribution in a Survey Experiment

89 Pages Posted: 8 Aug 2019 Last revised: 8 Sep 2020

See all articles by Andrea FM Martinangeli

Andrea FM Martinangeli

Max Planck Institute for Tax Law and Public Finance

Lisa Windsteiger

Max Planck Institute for Tax Law and Public Finance

Date Written: August 7, 2019

Abstract

We investigate how preferences over both the financing and the provision of redistributive policies are affected by immigration and poverty. We find that information about immigration has a negative impact on demanded redistributive taxation among middle income respondents and a positive one among low income earners, while information about poverty has no impact. On the provision side, middle income respondents increase desired public expenditure in response to both immigration and poverty, while low income respondents reduce desired public expenditure in response to immigration. These heterogeneities are respectively consistent and weakly consistent with protectionist reactions to immigration and poverty, and show that understanding the relationship between immigration, poverty and demand for redistribution requires in-depth investigations by population segment.

Keywords: immigration, poverty, redistribution, survey experiment

JEL Classification: D31, D63, H53, J15

Suggested Citation

Martinangeli, Andrea and Windsteiger, Lisa, Immigration vs. Poverty: Causal Impact on Demand for Redistribution in a Survey Experiment (August 7, 2019). Working Paper of the Max Planck Institute for Tax Law and Public Finance No. 2019-13, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3434292 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3434292

Andrea Martinangeli (Contact Author)

Max Planck Institute for Tax Law and Public Finance ( email )

Marstallplatz 1
Munich, 80539
Germany

Lisa Windsteiger

Max Planck Institute for Tax Law and Public Finance ( email )

Marstallplatz 1
Munich, 80539
Germany

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