Personal- und Reflexivpronomina als Träger von Personalität (Personal Pronouns and Reflexive Pronouns)

In: Jachnow, Helmut; Mečkovskaja, Nina; Norman, Boris; Plotnikov, Bronislav (Eds.), Personalität und Person (ISBN 3-447-04141-2), Wiesbaden : Harrassowitz, 1999. Pp. 125-154

30 Pages Posted: 13 Aug 2019

Date Written: May 4, 1999

Abstract

German Abstract: Dieser Aufsatz behandelt die semantischen, grammatischen und pragmatischen Eigenschaften der Personalpronomina "ja/ti/on" ‘ich/du/er’. Zudem werden Besonderheiten des Personalpronomens der dritten Person und sein Verhältnis zu den Demonstrativpronomina thematisiert. Ein Großteil des Aufsatzes ist den Transpositionen der grammatischen Person gewidmet, wobei zahlreiche pragmatisch bedingte Möglichkeiten zum Ausdruck der jeweiligen Person in verschiedenen Sprachen dargestellt werden. Beispiele aus der gesprochenen Sprache illustrieren, wie sich der Sprecher mittels Transpositionen in einen Prozess, an dem er in Wirklichkeit nicht teilnimmt, imaginativ einbezieht oder, wie er sich aus einem Prozess, an dem er in Wirklichkeit teilnimmt, imaginativ ausschließt. Ersteres erzeugt den Effekt von Anteilnahme und vertraulichem Erzählen, Letzteres den von teilnahmsloser Beschreibung und Objektivität. Viele Transpositionen sind als umgangssprachlich markiert.

Serbo-Croatian Abstract: U članku se govori o semantičkim, gramatičkim i pragmatičkim svojstvima ličnih zamjenica u raznim jezicima. Zamjenice prvog i drugog lica uspoređuju se sa zamjenicama trećeg lica, koje se zatim još zasebno analiziraju i dovode u odnos s pokaznim zamjenicama. Nakon toga se pokazuju mogućnosti izražavanja raznih lica pomoću jedne te iste zamjenice. Primjeri iz raznih jezika oslikavaju kako govornik metaforički koristi pojedino lice da bi se imaginarno uključio u proces u kojem u stvarnosti ne sudjeluje ili da bi se imaginarno isključio iz procesa u kojem u stvarnosti sudjeluje. U prvom slučaju postiže učinak suosjećanja i povjerljivog pričanja, a u drugom slučaju učinak neutralnog pripovijedanja i objektivnosti.

English Abstract: The paper deals with the semantic, grammatical and pragmatic characteristics of the personal pronouns "ja/ti/on" etc. ‘I/you/he’. It also deals with the peculiarities of the third person personal pronoun and its relationship to the demonstrative pronouns. A large section of the paper is devoted to the transpositions of the grammatical person, whereby numerous pragmatically conditioned manners of expressing the respective person are shown for various languages. Examples taken from the colloquial language illustrate how a speaker, by way of transpositions, imagines himself to be integrated within a process, in which is he is in reality not participating or, conversely, how he imagines himself as being excluded from a process in which he is in reality participating. The former case results in him appearing involved and willing to talk in confidence; the latter gives the impression of non-involved description and objectivity. Many transpositions are marked as colloquial.

Note: Downloadable document is in German.

Keywords: Personal Pronouns, Person, Demonstrative Pronouns, Pragmatics, Semantics, Metaphor, German, Bulgarian, Russian, Croatian, Serbo-Croatian

Suggested Citation

Kordić, Snježana, Personal- und Reflexivpronomina als Träger von Personalität (Personal Pronouns and Reflexive Pronouns) (May 4, 1999). In: Jachnow, Helmut; Mečkovskaja, Nina; Norman, Boris; Plotnikov, Bronislav (Eds.), Personalität und Person (ISBN 3-447-04141-2), Wiesbaden : Harrassowitz, 1999. Pp. 125-154, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3434465

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