Relativna rečenica u Reljkovićevu Satiru i jeziku 20. stoljeća (Relative Clauses in Reljković's 'Satir' and in the Modern Language)

In: Matanović, Julijana (Ed.), Ključevi raja: književni barok i slavonska književnost 18. stoljeća (ISBN 953-6181-30-4), Zagreb : Meandar, 1995. Pp. 329-338

10 Pages Posted: Last revised: 15 Aug 2019

Date Written: August 2, 1995

Abstract

Serbo-Croatian Abstract: U članku se uspoređuju svojstva relativnih rečenica u Reljkovićevom "Satiru" i u korpusu suvremenog standardnog jezika kako bi se na osnovi toga izveli zaključci o mogućim razlikama na sintaktičkoj razini. Uspoređuje se učestalost pojedinih riječi koje uvode odnosnu rečenicu, zatim upotreba slobodnih relativnih rečenica, ekstraponiranih, restriktivnih i nerestriktivnih. U korpusu suvremenog jezika zastupljeni su različiti funkcionalni stilovi.

English Abstract: In this paper the features of the relative clauses in Matija Antun Reljković's "Satir iliti divji čovik" (1762) are compared to the features of the relative clauses in the corpus of the contemporary standard Serbo-Croatian. The results of the comparison - free relatives and extraposed relatives are much more frequent in Satir than in contemporary written language; restrictive relative clauses predominate in Satir, revealing that the syntax of Satir shows some characteristics of the spoken language which contemporary written language lacks. Besides, it is noticable that the indeclinable relativizer "što" is less frequent in Satir than in contemporary language. This is a result opposite to what could have been expected from the statements in the linguistic literature. On the other hand, it confirms what the author of this paper had presumed. It is interesting that temporal adverb relativizers are very frequent in Satir, which may be due to the writer's main topic: the life and work of Slavonian peasants. Compared to Satir, contemporary written language shows an increase of grammatical formalization, complexity and intellectualization on the syntactic level - as a result, some syntactic features of the spoken language disappear in the written language.

Note: Downloadable document is in Croatian.

Keywords: Syntax, Standard Language, Relative Clauses, Restrictive Attributive Clauses, Relative Pronouns, Corpus Analysis, Matija Antun Reljković, Croatian, Serbo-Croatian

Suggested Citation

Kordić, Snježana, Relativna rečenica u Reljkovićevu Satiru i jeziku 20. stoljeća (Relative Clauses in Reljković's 'Satir' and in the Modern Language) (August 2, 1995). In: Matanović, Julijana (Ed.), Ključevi raja: književni barok i slavonska književnost 18. stoljeća (ISBN 953-6181-30-4), Zagreb : Meandar, 1995. Pp. 329-338. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3434474

Snježana Kordić (Contact Author)

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