Predmetne pokazne zamjenice u hrvatskom, češkom, poljskom i ruskom jeziku (The Demonstrative Pronouns in Croatian, Czech, Polish, and Russian)

In: Damjanović, Stjepan (Ed.), Prvi hrvatski slavistički kongres: zbornik radova I, Pula 19.9.-23.9.1995. (ISBN 953-6050-88-9), Zagreb: Hrvatsko filološko društvo, 1997. Pp. 275-288

14 Pages Posted: 16 Aug 2019

Date Written: August 4, 1997

Abstract

Serbo-Croatian Abstract: U članku se uspoređuju pokazne zamjenice jednog južnoslavenskog jezika s predstavnicima zapadnoslavenskih i istočnoslavenskih jezika. Govori se o upotrebi zamjenica "ovaj, taj, onaj" za upućivanje na predmet u izvanjezičnoj stvarnosti (npr. "Vidi ono!"), i za upućivanje unutar teksta (npr. "Publika u Puli... Ta publika...). Posebno se opisuje neutralni oblik "to". Tematiziraju se i načini korištenja pokaznih zamjenica koji nisu zabilježeni u gramatikama, a prisutni su u praksi.

English Abstract: Compared are Serbo-Croatian demonstratives "ovaj", "taj" and "onaj" with the corresponding demonstratives in Polish, Czech and Russian. These pronouns express demonstrativity and a degree of the distance to the object referred to (proximal, medial, distal). They refer to: a) an object of the extra-textual reality (exophors); b) a segment within the text (endophors). If the segment reffered to antecedes the demonstrative, it is said to be used anaphorically; if not so, the demonstrative is said to be used cataphorically. The demonstratives differ from each other in so far that they are used primarily as exophors or endophors, and that they point to the segments preceding or following them. The demonstrative "ovaj" is usually described as cataphoric when it refers to the context within the text. Yet - in the framework of the corpus studied - this pronoun has nearly the same frequency when used in anaphoric function. The demonstrative "taj" is qualified as anaphoric. Since it is the most frequent deixis of Serbo-Croatian the multiplicitity of its uses can be easily shown by the corpus. As opposed to the demonstratives "ovaj" and "taj", the demonstrative "onaj" is most frequently used in cataphoric-anaphoric syntagmas (e. g. "onaj koji").

Note: Downloadable document is in Croatian.

Keywords: Demonstrative pronouns, deixis, anaphoric, cataphoric, Czech, Polish, Russian, Croatian, Serbo-Croatian

Suggested Citation

Kordić, Snježana, Predmetne pokazne zamjenice u hrvatskom, češkom, poljskom i ruskom jeziku (The Demonstrative Pronouns in Croatian, Czech, Polish, and Russian) (August 4, 1997). In: Damjanović, Stjepan (Ed.), Prvi hrvatski slavistički kongres: zbornik radova I, Pula 19.9.-23.9.1995. (ISBN 953-6050-88-9), Zagreb: Hrvatsko filološko društvo, 1997. Pp. 275-288. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3434561

Snježana Kordić (Contact Author)

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HOME PAGE: http://snjezana-kordic.from.hr/

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