Addressing Modern Slavery

Addressing Modern Slavery (UNSW Press, 2019)

UNSW Law Research Paper No. 19-58

Posted: 9 Aug 2019

See all articles by Justine Nolan

Justine Nolan

University of New South Wales (UNSW) - Faculty of Law

Martijn Boersma

Catalyst Australia

Date Written: September 1, 2019


An estimated 40 million people are modern-day slaves, more than ever before in human history.

Long after slavery was officially abolished, the practice not only continues but thrives. Whether they are women in electronics or apparel sweatshops, children in brick kilns or on cocoa farms, or men trapped in bonded labour working on construction sites, millions of people globally are forced to perform labour through coercion, intimidation or deceit. In a world of growing inequality and trade-offs between the haves and the have-nots, consumers, business and government are all part of the problem and the solution. While we have all become accustomed to fast fashion and cheap consumer goods, the affordability of these commodities often comes at the price of human exploitation. Addressing Modern Slavery examines slavery in the modern world and outlines ways it can be stopped.

Keywords: modern slavery, modern-day slaves, slavery, bonded labour, sweatshops

Suggested Citation

Nolan, Justine and Boersma, Martijn, Addressing Modern Slavery (September 1, 2019). Addressing Modern Slavery (UNSW Press, 2019); UNSW Law Research Paper No. 19-58. Available at SSRN:

Justine Nolan (Contact Author)

University of New South Wales (UNSW) - Faculty of Law ( email )

Kensington, New South Wales 2052

Martijn Boersma

Catalyst Australia ( email )



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