Should the CCyB Be Enhanced with a Sectoral Dimension?

41 Pages Posted: 10 Aug 2019

Date Written: June 18, 2019

Abstract

The paper investigates whether there is sufficient empirical support in Italy for the introduction of a sectoral countercyclical capital buffer (CCyB) in the macroprudential framework. We study the sectoral decomposition of the credit-to-GDP gap over the period 1990Q1-2017Q2. Overall, our results suggests that a sectoral CCyB could be a useful addition to the macroprudential framework as both the timing for activation and the size of the capital buffer can differ when accounting for the sectoral dimension of the credit-to-GDP gap. We find that the synchronicity of sectoral credit cycles decreases as we move from a two-sector to a six-sector decomposition. Moreover, the contribution of sectoral cycles to systemic stress, as measured by the system-wide new bad debt rate, as well as the prudential requirements associated with their risk exposure differ quite significantly. While exuberance in the non-real-estate related segment of corporate lending is usually followed by a surge in systemic stress, exuberance in the real-estate related segment of business lending does not.

Keywords: credit cycle, sectoral decomposition, synchronicity, cyclical systemic risk

JEL Classification: E32, G01, G21, G28

Suggested Citation

Fiori, Roberta and Pacella, Claudia, Should the CCyB Be Enhanced with a Sectoral Dimension? (June 18, 2019). Bank of Italy Occasional Paper No. 499, June 2019. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3435152 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3435152

Roberta Fiori

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Claudia Pacella (Contact Author)

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

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